Sunday, June 26, 2005

The Sky Disk of Nebra - A Solar Eclipse - LexiLine Journal 350

At my Ancient World blog

I have a new posting about the Sky Disk of Nebra
which can be summarized as follows:

It is the English version of an original article by me in German which first appeared recently under the title: Die Himmelsscheibe von Nebra : Beweisführung und Deutung in the periodical Efodon-Synesis, Issue 2, March/April 2005, Volume 18, No. 68.

The major argument presented in the article is that the current interpretation of the Nebra Sky Disk is prima facie wrong in interpreting the Nebra Sky Disk to show the night sky.

The Nebra Sky Disk depicts a solar boat but the Sun is not in this boat. Indo-European evidence indicates unequivocally that the Sun was seen in ancient days to be in the solar boat at night, but not during the day. Hence, the Nebra Sky Disk shows the sky during the day and thus the Sky Disk can only depict a solar eclipse.

Thursday, June 23, 2005

Megalithic Sites in Poland : Links from Victor Reijs - LexiLine Journal 349

Victor Reijs (see his website at
sent the following E-Mail on Polish megalithic sites.

>As someone already said; if one knows Polish, there are many
>megalithic (web) sites;-) Below are some links I got through a
>colleague of mine who found all these Polish (web)sites for me;-)
>Thanks Jarek!!!

I> have visited some sites near Poznan:
> and

>I have made GPS readings of Leki Male and Wietrzychowice. At the
>last location 5 long beds have been visited (some are 110 m long!),
>and I have measured the direction of them using a compass (107, 122,
>142, 144 and 145 degrees compensated for magnetic north).

>Thanks for all your help in providing hints on this.

>All the best,


>An english website with an overview of Polish sites:

>A Polish map:

>KASZUBY => North East part of Poland:

>(Poznan's county)
>(South West of Poznan)

>Sites abut megalitic sites (and others) in Poland

Tuesday, June 14, 2005

Astronomical Gold Coned Hats of Ancient Wizards : The Metonic Cycle - LexiLine Journal 348

Slowly - but very slowly - mainstream archaeology is waking up to the fact that ancient peoples were sophisticated astronomers.

Steve Burdic has sent me the following link viz. to an article by Tony Paterson in Berlin titled "Mysterious gold cones 'hats of ancient wizards'"

It presents more evidence of the astronomy of antiquity.

The article refers to the Metonic Cycle, about which I have written at

For some mainstream views on the Metonic Cycle see

The idea that Meton was the first to discover this cycle is quaint and foolish and typical for mainstream archaeology and astronomy.

The fact is that this Metonic Cycle is already clearly visible at current Stonehenge - in the version we all know with ca. 50-ton sarsen stones quarried at Marlborough. There the Metonic Cycle was arguably represented by the 19 Preseli Bluestones, according to my analysis at

[January 2010 update comment: The notion that the bluestones at Stonehenge are "glacial erratics" is absurd. Currently it is alleged that ca. 82 Bluestones have been found, but this is simply not true - as only 16 remain standing at Stonehenge. IN our view 19 represented the Metonic Cycle in the currently visible arrangement . There is another newer theory for an alleged 82 bluestones involving a newly found second circle at Stonehenge, and the new theory is to be published this February, but apparently it will be alleged to involve the 56-year Aubrey hole cycle of eclipses. How many bluestones are there really? No one really knows. writes:
"The bluestones were arranged in a circle inside the sarsen circle. They were also set into a horseshoe arrangement within the sarsen trilithon horseshoe. However, there were many changes in the stone settings prior to the arrangement that we see today, and archaeologists have found traces that indicate that the bluestones may originally have been set in a double circle. Regardless, only 43 of these foreign bluestones have been identified in these smaller stone settings at Stonehenge. Of these, 16 are still standing; the others are either leaning, lying on the ground or traceable only through buried stumps. No one knows how many bluestones might have been there originally."]
It is clear also that the ancient Chinese knew the Metonic Cycle long before Meton

as did the ancient megalithic peoples of Ireland

Why the run-of-the-mill mainstream archaeologists and astronomers are unable to see Metonic astronomy prior to the Greeks is one of the great mysteries of modern scholarship.

Tuesday, June 07, 2005

Who was Tutankhamun - Jonathon Aton - The Me'il - LexiLine Journal 347

I recently received a letter asking me for an illustration of the robe or Me'il of the Cohen Gadol, the Hebrew High Priest, and also asking me who in my opinion Tutankhamun was. The two questions are inter-related.

See the following website for one interpretative drawing of the Cohen Gadol's priestly garments That is pretty much a fantasy drawing, but a good attempt.

Actually, the robe of the Cohen Gadol will not have been substantially different than that worn by the Pharaohs of Egypt, based on the following example of the garment of Ramses III
ramsesIII.jpg [the graphic below]

which I have uploaded to our LexiLine files at

You can see there both the top and bottom robe, the ephod, the belt in layers, as well as the tassels on the robe, some of which, also on Ramses III, appear to be small bells - as allegedly also on the robe of the Cohen Gadol in descriptions of the me'il. This picture is a scan from a superb book by Peter A. Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, Thames and Hudson Ltd., London, 1994, available at

The book is a must buy for anyone in this field as the best book of this kind in Egyptology (i.e. it is an understandable overview of all the pharaohs and their reigns according to the mainstream views). No other book comes even close. I use it all the time, even though it of course carries forward many mainstream errors in Egyptology.

Remnants of the Hebrew High Priest's robe were in my opinion found in the Tomb of Tutankhamun. Such a robe would have been far more Egyptian in nature than the drawing above and the Cohen Gadol would not have had a beard - quite the contrary, priests were bald: (quoted from viz.
"Priests were required to keep their entire bodies cleanly shaved. They shaved every third day because they needed to avoid the danger of lice or any other uncleanness to conduct rituals. This is the reason why priests are illustrated bald-headed with no eyebrows or lashes."
In addition, both the bearded Asiatics (Assyrians, etc.) and the black peoples were arch enemies of the clean-shaven Pharaohs, as shown at the Tomb of Tutankhamun on the prow of a miniature ship. In discussing the origin of the Pharaohs, it is rather remarkable that such important pieces of evidence are ignored by Egyptology.

For an extensive review of the items found in the Tomb of Tutankhamun, see generally and more specifically and also

The identity of Tutankhamun can be explained as follows:

In my opinion, the evidence is incontrovertible that King Saul = Echnaton (Akhenaten), King David = Sethos and King Solomon = Ramses II with Shishak = Ramses III.

Accordingly, Tutankhamun can only be ATON, i.e. JON-ATHON ("young Aton, young Adonis, "Jaun-(IE)donis"), one of the sons of Saul in the Bible. Saul was Echn-ATON viz. Akhen-ATEN ("old Aton", old Adonis, "Vec-(IE)Donis"). The other brother was Semenchkare, Biblical Ish-Boshet, who served a short time as Pharaoh before being executed.

The hieroglyphs which the Egyptologists read as SE-Mench are actually ISH-Boshet. SE = ISH. The other error occurs because there are two alternative readings for the small chisel - one is MNCH (Indo-European e.g. latvian MI(N)CHA), MIEC- "to knead, strike" but the other is B[.....] which is Indo-European viz. Latvian PASIT (=BOSHET) "to strike at". The Egyptologists have chosen the wrong alternative of the two for Semenchkare.

Young ATON (Jon-ATHON) saved David's life and was his best friend, but was killed at an early age - according to the Bible - battling the Philistines, in a battle in which Saul ("old Aton") also lost his life. According to the Bible, the latter's body was mutilated by the Philistines and has thus never been found by the Egyptologists, probably having been buried somewhere in Canaan.

Tutankhamun never served as Pharaoh but was heir to the throne. This explains his having a royal cartouche but being excluded from the ancient lists of the kings of Egypt. He never manned the throne. His untimely death brought his best friend David onto the throne, and so Jonathon was buried in regal style by David, who had become King David = Sethos (Setoy).

Note in this regard that the alleged pharaoh Haremhab viz. Horemhab at this time was actually Hiram (also written Huram), King of Tyre, one of King David's best friends. Horemhab never served as sovereign Pharaoh of Egypt, contrary to the erred opinion of Egyptology, but was only a vice-regent (see, later given a royal status - whence the cartouche - by King David. Haremhab built many buildings for David (so the Bible) upon which he also placed his name as the builder of them - but pharaoh himself he was not, but only King of Tyre. The kingly reign attributed to him actually belonged to King David (Sethos viz. Setoy) and this is why in spite of two tombs being attributed to Haremhab by the Egyptologists, his mummy is not found among the mummies of the kings which have been recovered in the mummy depots. The Egyptologists incorrectly read "Tyre" on the hieroglyphs as DJOSER whereas Haremhab's cartouched hieroglyph showing the hand holding an object is clearly to be read as TUR ("hold") i.e. TYRE and not DJOSER.

Nearly all of the furniture and treasures in the tomb of Tutankhamun are from a later period. The tomb was reopened and the holy vessels of the Mishnayot were hidden there, including the Ark of the Covenant (also called the Ark of the Law, Ark of the Testimony, Ark of God) with the tomb being resealed by the priests and the entrance being covered by tons of rubble - such tomb only having been found in our modern era by Howard Carter as the Tomb of Tutankhamun.

See in this regard and

for an account of the hiding of the Ark of the Covenant and the holy vessels.

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