Monday, March 22, 2004

Latvia: Cupmarked Davinu Upurakmens Cygnus Lyra & Aquila - LexiLine Journal 267

To our Files under the Baltic directory at
I have now uploaded


showing that this carved rock represents Cygnus, Lyra and Aquila in its cupmarks.
In the ancient megalithic survey of Latvia, in fact, this cupmarked rock represents the star DENEB in Cygnus.

My previous identification of this rock as Scorpio is incorrect - the prong of three stars can also be Scorpio in some cases, but then I had marked it as provisional to begin with, since I had only one megalith in Latvia, and that is generally too little material.

In the meantime, I discovered some other megaliths in Latvia and since I have been able to decipher them, the measuring system used in ancient Latvia is clear and thus also the decipherment of the Davinu Offering Stone.

I will be uploading more about this in coming e-mails, including a map of Latvia, showing the location of the stones.

Italy - Gigantic Reliefs Found Carved in Stone - LexiLine Journal 266

We will see more of these kinds of news report in the future - the discovery of figures carved in stone by the ancients. Once the archaeologists get sensitized to these matters, they will find
thousands of such figures around the world.

see (in English)

see (in German)

see (in Italian)

Sunday, March 21, 2004

Amazon Book Review Stars Stones and Scholars - LexiLine Journal 265

The following book review was posted to
by Steve Burdic.

"Buckle up your seat belts, we are going for a ride., March 9, 2004
Reviewer: from Jefferson City, MO United States

It is rare for a book to cover the distance and depth found in Stones, Stars and Scholars by Andis Kaulins. However the conclusion of the book, that the ancient megaliths tell a story about a world
wide system of surveying and measurement well in effect in 3000 BC, will turn the world of scholarship upside down. While it is a pioneering work, there is more than enough information here to prove the authors basic premise that the megalithic sites, all over the world, represent a map of the sky on the ground.

Implications in this book for historians include granting ancient peoples much more credibility for understanding our place in the solar system, movements of people and ideas in the ancient world, the origin of scientific methods and an uncanny knowledge of these
ideas around the world.

When I was growing up I always heard that our human cognitive abilities were developed in part from observing the sun, moon and stars. This book begins to develop the meaning of that statement by showing that the depth of understanding of the relationship of the sky to terrestrial geography was profound in the human species for a very long time. It is a shame that most historians and archeologists have forgotten or never knew basic astronomy and its relationship with the reality structure of ancient people. This book begins to mend this problem.

A bonus with the book is the linguistic comparison of the names of the constellations, stars, megalithic sites and local town names with the local native language, and other languages including Latvian. This analysis supports the theory that the ancients were aware of precession, the pole of the ecliptic and other astronomical facts that historians are reluctant to admit.

The dating of the monuments by analyzing carvings on the stones to represent moments where solstices and other astronomical events occured in the past is revolutionary. The author presents the idea that "modern time" began on December 25, 3117 BC and is found in carvings supporting that idea located around the world.

This book requires close study but is extremely rewarding in understanding human development: As above, so below."

Cup Marks on Megaliths in Korea - LexiLine Journal 264

I have found a very interesting and significant article on the Korean Dolmens:

The article is entitled Astronomical Aspects Of Dolmens In Korea and is an article by Professor Changbom Park (Seoul National University, Korea) and Hong-Jin Yang (Kyungbook National University, Korea) published at the World Archaeological Congress, Recent Developments In Korean Archaeology. A Commemoration Of The 10th Memorial Anniversary Of Dr. Kim Won Yong. Washington, D.C. June, 2003. For that article Park and Yang write an abstract as follows:

"We have surveyed about 530 dolmens distributed in various provinces in South Korea. Many of the dolmens surveyed are those who have been reported to have cup marks in previous survey reports. About 110 dolmens among them are actually found to have cup marks. We have inspected them to measure the astronomical directions of the cup marks on the cover stone and the long axes of cover stones. Also inspected are the pattern of the cup mark distribution.

It has been found that the cup marks in the Gyung-Sang (south-east) province tend to be engraved in the south-east section of the cover stone. A Monte-Carlo simulation indicates that this tendency is not an accident but a statistically significant one. We have also found many interesting patterns of cup marks that can be related with constellations. The clearest cases are the Ursa Major, and the Pleiades cluster also appears occasionally."

I have added this material to the front page of the megalithic site discussion of Korea at at

Megaliths in Korea - LexiLine Journal 263

Korea and megaliths? Korea is a megalithic surprise.

Did you know that Korea claims to have more megalithic dolmens than any other country in the world? A dolmen in Korea is called a Goindol viz. Gisokmyo or Jiseokmyo (Japanese 支石墓 ). A dolmen in Chinese is Seokbung 石棚). The common sign seok 石 in Japanese, Korean and Chinese means "stone".

As written at the Korean Hwasun dolmen site, "it is assumed that the Hwasun dolmens were erected from about 3000 B.C." This correlates with the date of ca. 3117 BC which has been fixed by as the era of the Megalithic Survey of the Earth.

As reported by the March 12, 1999 Korean Herald, Korea does have a tremendous number of dolmens at its megalithic sites. Three of these sites were included in 2001 in the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites.

These sites are described by The Korean National Heritage Online as:

Kochang [Gochang] Dolmen Site

"The Chungnim-ri [Jungnim-ri] dolmens, the largest and most diversified group, center on the village of Maesan. Most of them are located at altitudes of 15-50m along the southern foot of the hills that run east to west. The capstones of the dolmens here are 1-5.8m in length and can weigh 10-300 tons. A total of 442 dolmens have been recorded, of various types, based on the shape of the capstone."

Hwasun Dolmen Site - see Hwasun

"Like those in the Kochang [Gochang] group, the Hwasun dolmens are located on the slopes of low ranges of hills, along the Chiseokgang [Jiseokgang] River. Individual dolmens in this area are less intact than those in Kochang. The Hyosan-ri group is estimated to comprise 158 monuments and the Taesin-ri [Daesin-ri] group 129. In a number of cases the stone outcrops from which the stones making up the dolmens were quarried can be identified."

Kanghwa [Ganghwa] Dolmen Sites [include Ursa Major]

"These sites are on the offshore island of Kanghwa [Ganghwa], once again on mountain slopes. They tend to be higher than those in the other sites and stylistically early, notably those at Bugun-ri [the largest dolmen] and Gochon-ri."

See photos of a dolmen of Kanghwa [new spelling Ganghwa] which we think marks the stars of Ursa Major, see also here.

Korea korean dolmens Ganghwa Kanghwa Ursa Major Milky Way

The Ganghwa dolmen is in this regard similar to the megalithic site at Skregg, County Roscommon in Ireland, which also marks Ursa Major, see here.

Amsa-dong Misari Prehistoric Settlements - what is now Seoul may have marked the Center of Heaven for the Neolithic Survey of Korea

We can not be sure of our Kanghwa [Ganghwa] Ursa Major identification because we simply do not have enough photos or information about the rest of the dolmens in Korea. However, if this identification were correct, then it would mean that the Amsa-dong and Misari prehistoric settlement - now Seoul - marked the center of heaven in the ancient Neolithic survey of Korea by astronomy. Mizar, a star in Ursa Major, has a name similarity to Misari, but this could be pure chance.

Yuri Dolmen, ChangRyong, near Taegu, Korea marks Orion's Belt

The Yuri Dolmen at ChangRyong, near Taegu, Korea, gives us a clear identification for the placement of the megaliths in Korea in the ancient megalithic survey. The Yuri Dolmen represent's Orion's Belt by its ancient location on a site formed as a three-pronged plow. See in this regard

Yuri Dolmen ChangRyong Taegu Korea Orion's Belt

Yuri Dolmen is like Chinese and Japanese Karasuki Boshi, the three-pronged plow of Orion's Belt

We see this identification substantiated in ancient Chinese and Japanese astronomy, where the "three-forked plow" was Orion's Belt, envisioned as below by Saori Ihara and Steve Renshaw. See

Karasuki Boshi Chinese Japanese ancient astronomy Orion

Ara Kaya Tumuli, Dohangri, Haman (Kaya), near Pusan, Korea and the rock drawing there mark the stars below and to the left of Orion toward the "outer leg" of the Milky Way at Vela and the Vela Supernova

(in Latvian Ara Kaya means "outer leg")

Another decipherment that we have made is based on photographs and drawings of the Ara Kaya Tumuli and Petroglyphs shown by Byon Kwang-Hyon at and a photograph by Russell Croman of Vela found at

Ara Kaya Dohangri Haman Pusan Korea Petroglyphs Tumuli Vela

Bangu-Dae Ulsan Korea Rock Drawing marks Pisces and Cetus

Another decipherment that we have made is of the megalithic site of Bangu-Dae in Ulsan, Southeast Korea, which we think marked Pisces and Cetus in the ancient megalithic survey of Korea.

Bangu-Dae Ulsan Korea Rock Drawing Pisces Cetus

The rock drawing at Bangu-Dae in Ulsan on the coast of southeast Korea (in what is now South Korea) marks this whaling region of Korea as Pisces and Cetus in the ancient geodetic survey of the Korean Peninsula by astronomy, in which survey the area of Seoul marked the center of heaven. This rock drawing covers the region of the sky from the Spring Equinox to the Winter Solstice ca. 3117 BC. Caelum is marked as the profile of a human face. Eridanus is an animal or possibly a swordfish. Pisces and Cetus are marked by fish (perhaps whales). Taurus is marked by a boat. Auriga is the head of a bird, Perseus is a human figure, Cassiopeia is marked by four figures for its four major stars. Andromeda and Pegasus seem to be formed by the head of an elephant. The Circlet of Pisces could be a fishing boat and Aquarius a type of "floating bucket" used to hold captured whales above water in ancient days. The marked line on the stone marks the line of the Winter Solstice. To its right are Cygnus as the head of a bird and below that the figures of a dog's head and a cat's figure. Capricorn could be a hook or some round fish.

More General Megalithic Information about Korea

Korea has a long history of human habitation, indicating settlement from the north. There is some dispute as to whether the first inhabitants were proto-Caucasian and only then followed by people of Mongoloid stock.

The president of the World Megalithic Association (WMA) in Korea, Yoo In-hak, claimed in 1999 that 25,000 dolmens still existed in Korea as opposed to 80,000 dolmens and standing stones thirty years previous. Most have been destroyed by land development, construction and ignorance. The largest dolmen, Bugun-ri, in Korea is 7.1 x 5.5 meters in size.

Koreans categorize three types of dolmens. Northern dolmens (Jisangsukkwak), a high capstone supported by two or four megaliths, are "table" dolmens allegedly influenced by Siberian culture. Southern types of dolmens (Paduk) have megaliths between underground chambers and capstones. Mixed dolmens have an underground chamber covered by a stone capstone without supporting megaliths. A two km long megalithic row of dolmens used to be found on Korea, but of these dolmens only five remain today.

The prevailing belief system of ancient Korea was astronomical. See a detailed discussion at Patterns and Practices of Village Rites by Chang Chong-ryong, Professor of Folklore at Kangnung National University. We find that astronomical Sardinian nuraghis of Europe are similar to the structure found at the site of the ancient Cheomseongdae astronomical observatory near Gyeongju, Korea, at the Silla Mounds, which also have rock carvings. Cheomseongdae is not Neolithic, but may harken back to more ancient days and to more ancient connections with the megalithic peoples of old.

Astronomical Aspects of Dolmens in Korea - Cup marks

Astronomical Aspects Of Dolmens In Korea is an article by Professor Changbom Park (Seoul National University, Korea) and Hong-Jin Yang (Kyungbook National University, Korea) published at the World Archaeological Congress, Recent Developments In Korean Archaeology. A Commemoration Of The 10th Memorial Anniversary Of Dr. Kim Won Yong. Washington D. C., June, 2003. In that article Park and Yang write as follows in the article abstract:

"We have surveyed about 530 dolmens distributed in various provinces in South Korea. Many of the dolmens surveyed are those who have been reported to have cup marks in previous survey reports. About 110 dolmens among them are actually found to have cup marks. We have inspected them to measure the astronomical directions of the cup marks on the cover stone and the long axes of cover stones. Also inspected are the pattern of the cup mark distribution.

It has been found that the cup marks in the Gyung-Sang (south-east) province tend to be engraved in the south-east section of the cover stone. A Monte-Carlo simulation indicates that this tendency is not an accident but a statistically significant one.

We have also found many interesting patterns of cup marks that can be related with constellations. The clearest cases are the Ursa Major, and the Pleiades cluster also appears occasionally." [emphasis added]

Tuesday, March 16, 2004

Ngapuhi North New Zealand Megaliths Taurus and the Hyades (Corrected) - LexiLine Journal 262

Betty Rhodes posted on the megaliths of New Zealand,
pointing us toward a site by Martin
Doutré at This was quite a coincidence,
as we had recently had correspondence about that same site.

We have looked at some of the things on Doutré's site and find them
to be most interesting and well worth a look. Indeed...

To our files at

we have added a new directory:
Australia New Zealand Oceania : Megaliths of Oceania

and have uploaded the new file


which contains NOT our but
Martin Doutré's identification of megalithic sites in North New
Zealand as marking the stars of Taurus and the Hyades.

To Martin's decipherment we have added our own drawing, including the
possible stars involved. In addition, we have added a supporting local legend.

It is too early to know whether this identification by Doutré is
correct but it well might be. This can only be proven by a
decipherment of the rest of the standing stones on New Zealand,
which would have to fit in with this system, and they just may.

This would be another proof of the megalithic hypothesis.

Mycenae Lion Gate Cancer Leo Summer - LexiLine Journal 261

To our files on Ancient Greece at

the file mycenae1.gif has been added

showing that the Lion Gate of Mycenae points to the Summer Solstice
ca. 1500 BC at Regulus, the brightest star in Leo (according to the
Heifetz Historical Planisphere - taking into account the Precession
of the Equinoxes).

Note how the Citadel of Mycenae is shaped in the form of a helmeted
warrior's head representing a side view of Cancer as it appeared at
Mycenae in the NW on the horizon at the setting sun, i.e. Midsummer
Sunset, in this era.

Sunday, March 14, 2004

Megaliths Mysteries Evidence - LexiLine Journal 260

Here is a typical example of WHY the mainstream has not moved
forward on megalithic research. They are bogged down in their own
unproven theories which are not supported by any evidence.

Catherine Perles and Gerard Monthel in their book:
The Early Neolithic in Greece: The first farming communities in
Cambridge University Press, 2001,
write at Footnote 1, page 2
about theories in archaeology which do not conform to what has
actually been found to be true:

"A more current example is provided by the absence of villages or
habitations in Western European megalithic areas. After a century of
fieldwork, many authors still argue that the megaliths' builders
were necessarily sedentary and that their villages will eventually
be found."

Read that carefully. What it means is that mainstream archaeology is
sticking to its ridiculous theory that the megaliths were
local "cult" objects, sort of a like a sundial in every backyard
lawn, which locals erected to predominantly view the Sun and Moon in
their area. NOTHING supports this view. It is a fiction, a theory in
the imaginations of mainstream archaeologists which has absolutely
no support in the facts.

Rather, as Perles and Monthel correctly note, it is really high time
to look for explanations which fit what the facts tell us. The facts
tell us that the megaliths were put up by some kind of a MOBILE
group which was NOT sedentary to the megalithic locations.

Here again, my theory that this was a worldwide megalithic survey of
the Earth by astronomy by a mobile group of persons specially sent
out on this task - again - DOES fit the facts.

Mount Gerizim as Har Karkom and Mount Sinai - LexiLine Journal 259

We have followed up Professor Anati's ideas on Har Karkom as being
Mount Sinai and it has led to some additional discoveries:

Peter Tompkins in Secrets of the Great Pyramid, Galahad Books, N.Y.,
1971, writes: "According to Hebrew historians the original Jewish
center of worship was not Jerusalem, but Mount Gerizim, a strictly
geodetic point 4° [4 degrees] east of the main axis of Egypt. It was
only moved to Jerusalem after 980 B.C."

Mount Gerizim = Har Karkom in the Sinai part of ISRAEL

Our discovery is that this clearly means that
Mount Gerizim was Har Karkom (Geri=Kar, Zim=Kom).

As found at Ancient Sources (Greek to English translation):
Eusebius, Onomasticon 64:16-17 (ca. 295 A.D.); Jerome 65:16-17 (ca.
390 A.D.)

"Gerizim (Deut 11:29), is the mountain on which stood those who
recited the blessings [Jerome mistakenly writes: the curses], near
Mount Gebal of which we spoke above."

Har Karkom in ISRAEL = Mount Sinai

We refer here particularly now to a great pioneer book by
Professor Emmanuel Anati, The Riddle of Mount Sinai:
Archaeological Discoveries at Har Karkom
, Edizioni del Centro, Studi Camuni
(a series of monographs on art, archaeology and history).

The book can be obtained from:
Centro Camuno di Studi Preistorici
25044 Capo di Ponte (BS) Italy
Tel. (0039) 364 42091 - Fax (0039) 364 42572

Anati - in our opinion correctly, it is HIS discovery -
places the Biblical Mount Sinai at Har Karkom
in the NORTH of the Sinai Peninsula and not SOUTH
(as the mainstream currently and erroneously believes).

Har Karkom is full of megaliths and rock drawings. Har Karkom is
just south of the major ancient trails across Sinai, whereas the
South of Mount Sinai would have been next to impossible in ancient
times for a large number of people to reach on foot, as Exodus


This knowledge gives us the key to the ancient Neolithic survey of
this region and shows us clearly that the present location of Mount
Gerizim and Mount Gebal as set by mainstream scholars is totally
false, being set simply based on guesswork at the Shomron Valley.

But, in fact, Har Kar-kom = Geri-zim.
This was the ancient Hebrew holy place on Sinai.


The "neighboring" Mount Gebal - as we shall show below - is Jabal Yu
Alliq (highest peak in North Sinai) in spite of the fact that
neighboring Jabal 'Urayfan Naqah is on the same horizontal survey
line as Har Karkom and Petra and might be thought to be the
neighboring Gebal, which is not so. Jabal 'Urayfan Naqah and Petra
are even equidistant from Har Karkom at a latitude of about 30°20'
but this relates to a later era.


A horizontal line extends to the West to Jabal Yu Alliq in Sinai and
Qusayr ad-Daffah (today deserted ruins) in Libya, just on the edge
of the modern border to Egypt. Qasr in Arabic means "castle,
fortification". Qusayr ad-Daffah marked the ancient Neolithic
Western border to Libya.


From Qusayr ad-Daffah there is then an ancient survey line northward
to Tobruk and Bi'r al-Uzam and southward to Agoza (today deserted
ruins), just south of the current four-country border corner of
Egypt, Libya, Chad and the Sudan. Agoza was the actual ancient
border point.

The survey line to the East from Tobruk
runs at an angle of 110° to Jabal Yu Alliq and Har Karkom.

The survey line to the East from Agoza
runs at an angle of 110° to Meroe.

Two lines run to the North from Meroe,
one line perpendicularly up to Jabal Yu Alliq
(forming a surveyor's parallelogram with Tobruk, Agoza, and Meroe)
and the other line running North to Har Karkom.


The distance between Jabal Yu Alliq and Har Karkom represent
"the arc" of the distance "lost" due to the curvature of the Earth.

Using the map website WayHoo we can find the
latitudes and longitudes of these locations with geographic
positioning results that persuasively confirm the above survey
analysis. Agoza is at 23.75°E 18.5°N, Meroe is at 33.75°E 17°N, i.e.
EXACTLY 10 degrees longitude apart, while Qusayr ad Daffah is at 24°
E 30.33°N, Tobruk at 24°E 32°N, Jabal Yu Alliq at 33.5°E 30°N and
Har Karkom at 34.75°E 30°N.

The actual positional data are:
Agoza, Chad 18.50000 N, 23.75000 E
Meroe, Sudan 16.93833 N, 33.74722 E
Qusayr ad Daffah, Libya 30.33333 N, 23.90000 E
Tobruk, Libya 32.06667 N, 24.01667 E
Jabal Yu 'alliq, Egypt 30.37528 N, 33.50500 E
Har Karkom, Israel 30.28750 N, 34.74250 E


The longitudinal difference of this "The Arc" (more on "The Ark"
below) between Har Karkom and Jabal Yu Alliq is about 1.25 degrees
which reflects the diminishment in the circumference of the earth
for the intended difference in longitude between Har Karkom and
Meroe, i.e. about 13.5°. Hence the difference in the circumference
of the earth at Har Karkom and Jabal Yu Alliq from its circumference
at Meroe for 10 degrees of longitude between Meroe and Agoza is thus
36 x 1.25 = 45 degrees or 1/8 of the circumference of the earth less
than at Meroe.


This ancient "Ark" is mentioned in ancient Hebrew sources.
As written at Har Gerizim and Ayval:

"The twin peaks of Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal stand above the
Shomron Valley.... [note by LexiLine Journal: that location is the
mainstream idea and simply false.]

Six Tribes of the Bnai Yisroel stood by Mount Gerizim and six Tribes
stood by Mount Ayval. The Ahron HaKodesh (Holy Ark) was set between
the mountains.... [* see asterisk below]

Moshe Rabbaynu commanded the Bnai Yisroel that as soon as they
crossed the Yarden (Jordan) River [note by LexiLine Journal - this
was actually the Wadi el Jayb, i.e. the "River Jordan" at the other
end of the Dead Sea. Of course, this occurred much later than the
pyramids, at the time of Moses, which as we have written elsewhere,
was the 13th Pharaonic dynasty and not the chronology currently
assigned to Exodus.] they were to take twelve stones from the river
bed and build a Mizbayach on top of Mount Ayval. They were to
plaster over the twelve stones and carve into the plaster the words
of the Torah in all seventy languages. (Deut. 27:1-26)

[Note by LexiLine Journal - In our opinion, that
reference is to the division of the heavens into twelve spheres.

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