Friday, June 04, 2004

Ancient Lower Egypt Nome 6 - LexiLine Journal 280

For the Ancient Nomes of Egypt, see also
Lower Egypt Nome 6 (in English)
and Egyptian Nomes (in German)

Starting with this posting I shall begin to add material to the previous postings on the Nomes of Egypt as hermetic geodetic astronomy ["As above, so below"]. As the present posting does, I will now discuss only one nome at a time as a new separate post.

At my Ancient Egypt Weblog at I will also add this material to the comprehensive detail postings previously published
for the Lower Egypt Nomes
and the Upper Egypt Nomes
... [see also The Nomes of Egypt and Astronomy Identifed and
The Map of the Nomes of Egypt by Astronomy]

UPDATE to Lower Egypt Nome 6:
"V" of Horns of Lupus, H3sww, "mountain bull".

This is the area of sky where the stars of Lupus (Indo-European, e.g. Latvian lops, lopis (luopis) "animal, beast, cattle, livestock") and Centaurus meet.

The Centaur was the ancient Minoan bull, the Minotaur, and also "on the Euphrates it was considered a complete Bull", see Richard Hinckley Allen (RHA), Star Names, pp. 150-151 (Lupus made up the head and horns).

The capital city of the sixth lower nome is Buto, also called Tell el-Fara'in (Farain), Uto, Edjo, Wadjet (Per-Wadjet) or Wadjit
see (de)

Wadjet was the cobra goddess of ancient Egypt twined around a papyrus stem. See the Encyclopaedia Britannica under "Buto".

As RHA points out, the area of connection of Lupus and Centaurus was known to the Arabs as Al Kadb al Karm, "the Vine Branch", i.e. the twine around a papyrus stem.

RHA notes that this stellar area was also called Al Wazn "weight" in Arabic, surely related to the "ground and weight" (Hadar and Wazn) of ancient stars in this region.

I think that stars in this region were originally arranged in the form of the net of the fisherman at Lupus and Centaurus according to my decipherment of the megaliths of Scotland at

This stellar net explains the use of "ground and weight", as used in net construction.

These are comparable to the Ancient Egyptian cities of Pe and Dep, the semi-mythical Predynastic capitals of Lower Egypt at Buto, which we now can see marked the stars above and below the ecliptic. The Pyramid Texts state that Pe marks kings of "Lower Egypt" whereas Dep
marks the serpent (above the ecliptic, i.e. "Upper Egypt").

The use of the serpent rather than the bull came from using Serpens Caput above the ecliptic rather than Lupus and Centaur below it for this stellar position.

The Muu dancers (see show Dep as wearing a crown (above the ecliptic) and Pe as wearing none. DEP will be Indo-European, e.g. Latvian DEB-ess "heaven". [PE will be Indo,European, e.g. Latvian UPE "river", here, of the underworld"]

We now know from the above analysis that not only the nomes but also the capital city of each nome were hermetic, with the capital - in an astronomical context - presumably marking the lucida - the brightest star in each stellar region.

This area of the heavens marked the Autumn Equinox in ca. 3000 BC, where the ecliptic and the celestial equator met.

Buto has three mounds, but I do not know their shape, by which one should be able determine this astronomical location in the stars exactly in the predynastic megalithic period. Perhaps these oldest mounds marked the three front prominent stars of Scorpio, as at other megalithic sites.

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