Wednesday, December 07, 2005

The Hopi Pawnee Connection - LexiLine Journal 370

In connection with the previous posting, please also take a look at The Hopi-Pawnee Connection by Gary A. David Copyright © 2004 by Gary A. David at which points to the astronomical connection between these two Native American tribes.

Gary A. David also makes some linguistic comparisons of Pawnee and Hopi and we add the Latvian terms to show that all of these languages are clearly related for the following principal terms (all the terms given by David in that article):

Supreme Deity
Pawnee - Tirawa
Hopi - Tawa
Latvian - Dieva ("God's")

Pawnee pa:hu - water
Hopi paahu - water
Latvian pilu - of a drop of water [also upe - river]

Breath / Air
Pawnee hikusu' - breath
Hopi hik'si - breath body, spirit
Latvian gaiss - air [dūšu "of the breath, body, spirit]

Pawnee hutu:ru' - wind
Hopi huutu, huuhukya - breathe in, wind's blowing
Latvian vēju, vējot - of wind, wind blow

Skin, Muscle, Sinew, Cartilage
Pawnee tahu:ru' - tough skin
Hopi tahu'at - muscle, sinew, cartilage
Latvian āda - skin

Sun, Day
Pawnee saku:ru' - sun, day
Hopi sakwa - blue, the color of day
Latvian saule - sun, zil - blue

Pawnee ho-pi, ho-pi-rit - star
Latvian kūp "burns", Mesopotamian, Hebrew kb "star"
Hopi sohu, soohu - star
Latvian svai-gzne - star

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