Thursday, May 27, 2004

Pharaonic Egypt Nomes Deciphered - LexiLine Journal 276

I have now added the file nomesofegypt.png [see below]

to our LexiLine Files at
showing the hieroglyphs marking those nomes.

Additionally, I have posted many new materials regarding the Egyptian Nomes to my
Ancient Egypt Weblog at

As you can see, it is possible to work directly with the graphics in the blog, which is not possible on this list.

> After years of struggling with the origin of the identities of the
> nomes (counties) of Egypt, I have finally solved the problem and
> have uploaded the solution as
> nomesegypt.png [below]

> to our LexiLine files on Ancient Egypt at
> The results - in text form - are:
> (the numbering applies to Nomes as found on a map at p. 6 of Shaw
> and Nicholson's British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt) The
> identification of each nome with a particular area of the heavens
> of course my discovery.
> LOWER EGYPT (= below the ecliptic)
> 1. nu-Hydrae
> 2. Crater
> 3. Corvus
> 4. Spica in Virgo
> 5. V-stars of Centaurus
> 6. V of Horns of Lupus
> 7. West Harpoon of Scorpio
> 8. Middle of Scorpio
> 9. Staff (Stinger) of Scorpio
> 10. Corona Australis - Sagittarius
> 11. Start of Capricorn
> 12. End of Capricorn
> 13. Aquarius
> 14. Front of Cetus - Diphda
> 15. Achernar - Phoenix
> 16. Menkar ("First of the Fish")
> 17. Taurus - Aldebaran
> 18. Front of Orion
> 19. Back of Orion - Sirius
> 20. Puppis
> 21. No Nome - Break in the Milky Way
> 22. No Nome - Break in the Milky Way
> UPPER EGYPT (= above the ecliptic)
> 1. Chort / Duhr in Leo
> 2. Canes Venatici
> 3. Coma Berenices
> 4. Handle of Ursa Major
> 5. Boötes
> 6. Libra
> 7. Corona Borealis
> 8. Hercules
> 9. Phallus of Hercules
> 10. Serpens Cauda
> 11. Aquila - Altair
> 12. Tail of Aquarius
> 13. Front of Pegasus
> 14. Back of Pegasus
> 15. Cassiopeia
> 16. Camelopardalis Perseus
> 17. Auriga
> 18. Crossing Ecliptic : Celestial Equator
> 19. Gemini
> 20. Front of the Cup of Ursa Major
> 21. Back of the Cup of Ursa Major
> 22. The Knife of Leo Minor
> Ancient Egypt had 22 Nomes in Upper Egypt and 20 Nomes in Lower
> Egypt. All 22 of the Upper Egypt Nomes are found documented in the
> Old Kingdom according to Rainer Hannig's Egyptian Dictionary of
> Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period, which was essential for
> my decipherment. However, only the nomes 3 and 6-16 of Lower
> are documented in that same dictionary of oldest sources. This was
> very useful for decipherment- especially the fact that 6-16 seemed
> to be more important in ancient days than the others.
> Due to the similarity of the number of nomes in Pharaonic Egypt
> the 42 megalithic asterisms which I deciphered at the Neolithic
> Arbor Low in Derbyshire, England in my book Stars Stones and
> see
> and what appear to be a similar number of 42 heavenly temples in
> Sumerian Temple Hymns which I am still in the process of
> deciphering - actually I have them deciphered too for the most
> I just have to find time to write everything down -
> I was always certain that the Egyptian nomes were also hermetic in
> origin, but was never able to discover just how it was done.
> By hermetic origin I mean that the Pharaonic Egyptians
> also "surveyed", i.e. divided up their land on earth, by resort to
> the stars - this is not esotericism, as some might claim, but
> sense in ancient days, where men had to navigate around the earth
> land or sea without printed maps bought in the neighborhood shop.
> The ancients used a known visible "map", i.e. that of the heavens,
> and applied it to their survey and mapping of locations on earth.
> Whoever knew the heavens and understood the application of that
> above to any land measurement below had a consultable heaven-based
> map in his head he could follow on the ground. That was the whole
> idea of the megalithic system of survey that I explain in my book.
> The nomes proved difficult to crack because they run vertically
> along the course of the Nile in Upper Egypt and fan out
> in the Nile Delta. How did the ancients apply the stars to any
> of nome system on the ground for this topography? Ordinarily, the
> ancients put the ecliptic and celestial poles in the middle of a
> region and then placed the rest of the stars around them in the
> course of mapping. On the Nile, that system would not work.
> Through my revision of the decipherment of the hieroglyphs on the
> basis of the hieroglyphs found in Hannig's book, I was able to
> muster up some critical clues which led to the cracking of the
> puzzle. Critical here was Nome 16 in Lower Egypt which Hannig at
> page 1564 transliterates as "Erste der Fische" (first of the
> As already noted in my book, Stars Stones and Scholars, the "cord
> the fish" (Arabic Risha) was important to the ancients and played
> role in my decipherment of the megaliths. Was it possible, if the
> Pharaonic nome system was indeed hermetic, that Nome 16 in Lower
> Egypt then also somehow marked Risha or a nearby "fish".
> This thought gave me a starting point for analyzing the
> of all the nomes in Hannig's book, some of which I was able to
> identify due to previous work on other hieroglyphs. Some of the
> names are already known by the Egyptologists to mean "front of"
> or "back of", so this part of the decipherment had already been
> partially done - but no one knew what front or back was intended,
> nor in what context. I was able to apply some text decipherments
> support those identifications. For example, the Latvian
term "aste"
> means "tail (back in this sense), viz. "aiz to", behind that",
> explained the hieroglyphs written as "is-ja-te", using my
> values for the particular hieroglyphs involved.
> The rest of the decipherment then simply proceeded from that
> starting point.
> Of course, I shall have much more to post on this in the future -
> this is just the introduction.

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