Thursday, May 27, 2004

Pharaonic Egypt Nomes Deciphered - LexiLine Journal 276

I have now added the file nomesofegypt.png [see below]


to our LexiLine Files at
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/LexiLine/files/Egypt/
showing the hieroglyphs marking those nomes.

Additionally, I have posted many new materials regarding the Egyptian Nomes to my
Ancient Egypt Weblog at http://ancientegyptweblog.blogspot.com/

As you can see, it is possible to work directly with the graphics in the blog, which is not possible on this list.

> After years of struggling with the origin of the identities of the
> nomes (counties) of Egypt, I have finally solved the problem and
> have uploaded the solution as
>
> nomesegypt.png [below]



> to our LexiLine files on Ancient Egypt at
> http://groups.yahoo.com/group/LexiLine/files/Egypt/.
>
> The results - in text form - are:
> (the numbering applies to Nomes as found on a map at p. 6 of Shaw
> and Nicholson's British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt) The
> identification of each nome with a particular area of the heavens
is
> of course my discovery.
>
> LOWER EGYPT (= below the ecliptic)
> 1. nu-Hydrae
> 2. Crater
> 3. Corvus
> 4. Spica in Virgo
> 5. V-stars of Centaurus
> 6. V of Horns of Lupus
> 7. West Harpoon of Scorpio
> 8. Middle of Scorpio
> 9. Staff (Stinger) of Scorpio
> 10. Corona Australis - Sagittarius
> 11. Start of Capricorn
> 12. End of Capricorn
> 13. Aquarius
> 14. Front of Cetus - Diphda
> 15. Achernar - Phoenix
> 16. Menkar ("First of the Fish")
> 17. Taurus - Aldebaran
> 18. Front of Orion
> 19. Back of Orion - Sirius
> 20. Puppis
> 21. No Nome - Break in the Milky Way
> 22. No Nome - Break in the Milky Way
>
> UPPER EGYPT (= above the ecliptic)
> 1. Chort / Duhr in Leo
> 2. Canes Venatici
> 3. Coma Berenices
> 4. Handle of Ursa Major
> 5. Boötes
> 6. Libra
> 7. Corona Borealis
> 8. Hercules
> 9. Phallus of Hercules
> 10. Serpens Cauda
> 11. Aquila - Altair
> 12. Tail of Aquarius
> 13. Front of Pegasus
> 14. Back of Pegasus
> 15. Cassiopeia
> 16. Camelopardalis Perseus
> 17. Auriga
> 18. Crossing Ecliptic : Celestial Equator
> 19. Gemini
> 20. Front of the Cup of Ursa Major
> 21. Back of the Cup of Ursa Major
> 22. The Knife of Leo Minor
>
> Ancient Egypt had 22 Nomes in Upper Egypt and 20 Nomes in Lower
> Egypt. All 22 of the Upper Egypt Nomes are found documented in the
> Old Kingdom according to Rainer Hannig's Egyptian Dictionary of
the
> Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period, which was essential for
> my decipherment. However, only the nomes 3 and 6-16 of Lower
Egypt
> are documented in that same dictionary of oldest sources. This was
> very useful for decipherment- especially the fact that 6-16 seemed
> to be more important in ancient days than the others.
>
> Due to the similarity of the number of nomes in Pharaonic Egypt
with
> the 42 megalithic asterisms which I deciphered at the Neolithic
> Arbor Low in Derbyshire, England in my book Stars Stones and
Scholars
> see http://www.trafford.com/robots/03-1722.html
> and what appear to be a similar number of 42 heavenly temples in
the
> Sumerian Temple Hymns which I am still in the process of
> deciphering - actually I have them deciphered too for the most
part,
> I just have to find time to write everything down -
> I was always certain that the Egyptian nomes were also hermetic in
> origin, but was never able to discover just how it was done.
>
> By hermetic origin I mean that the Pharaonic Egyptians
> also "surveyed", i.e. divided up their land on earth, by resort to
> the stars - this is not esotericism, as some might claim, but
common
> sense in ancient days, where men had to navigate around the earth
by
> land or sea without printed maps bought in the neighborhood shop.
> The ancients used a known visible "map", i.e. that of the heavens,
> and applied it to their survey and mapping of locations on earth.
> Whoever knew the heavens and understood the application of that
map
> above to any land measurement below had a consultable heaven-based
> map in his head he could follow on the ground. That was the whole
> idea of the megalithic system of survey that I explain in my book.
>
> The nomes proved difficult to crack because they run vertically
> along the course of the Nile in Upper Egypt and fan out
horizontally
> in the Nile Delta. How did the ancients apply the stars to any
kind
> of nome system on the ground for this topography? Ordinarily, the
> ancients put the ecliptic and celestial poles in the middle of a
> region and then placed the rest of the stars around them in the
> course of mapping. On the Nile, that system would not work.
>
> Through my revision of the decipherment of the hieroglyphs on the
> basis of the hieroglyphs found in Hannig's book, I was able to
> muster up some critical clues which led to the cracking of the
> puzzle. Critical here was Nome 16 in Lower Egypt which Hannig at
> page 1564 transliterates as "Erste der Fische" (first of the
fish).
> As already noted in my book, Stars Stones and Scholars, the "cord
of
> the fish" (Arabic Risha) was important to the ancients and played
a
> role in my decipherment of the megaliths. Was it possible, if the
> Pharaonic nome system was indeed hermetic, that Nome 16 in Lower
> Egypt then also somehow marked Risha or a nearby "fish".
>
> This thought gave me a starting point for analyzing the
hieroglyphs
> of all the nomes in Hannig's book, some of which I was able to
> identify due to previous work on other hieroglyphs. Some of the
nome
> names are already known by the Egyptologists to mean "front of"
> or "back of", so this part of the decipherment had already been
> partially done - but no one knew what front or back was intended,
> nor in what context. I was able to apply some text decipherments
to
> support those identifications. For example, the Latvian
term "aste"
> means "tail (back in this sense), viz. "aiz to", behind that",
which
> explained the hieroglyphs written as "is-ja-te", using my
corrected
> values for the particular hieroglyphs involved.
>
> The rest of the decipherment then simply proceeded from that
> starting point.
>
> Of course, I shall have much more to post on this in the future -
> this is just the introduction.
>

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