One of the most significant finds of ALL TIME for the chronology of the ancient world has recently been found.
As you can read at the April 19, 2004 article "Ancient inscribed slab brought to light" at
[start of quote]
"... A team of German and Egyptian archaeologists working in the Nile Delta has unearthed "quite a remarkable" stele dating back 2200 years to Ptolemaic Egypt which bears an identical inscription in three written languages - like the famed Rosetta Stone.
Announcing the find on Monday, University of Potsdam chief Egyptologist Christian Tietze said the stone fragment was "quite remarkable and the most significant of its kind to be found in Egypt in 120 years".
The grey granite stone, 99cm high and 84cm wide, was found "purely by accident" at the German excavation site of the ruined city of Bubastis, a once important religious and political centre 90km north-east of modern-day Cairo.
It shows a royal decree, written in ancient Greek, Demotic and Hieroglyphs, that mentions King Ptolemy III Euergetes I along with the date 238 BC.
"The decree is significant because it specifically mentions a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar which was not in fact actually implemented until some 250 years later under Julius Caesar," Tietze said.
The inscription consists of 67 lines of Greek text and 24 lines of Demotic along with traces of Hieroglyphs outlining the calendar reform and praising Ptolemy.
The king is lauded for importing grain from Syria, Phoenicia and Cyprus to alleviate famine in ancient Egypt, among other deeds.
"It documents the might and beneficence of Ptolemy III," Tietze said."" [end of quote]
Of course, it is absolute nonsense by the mainstream archaeologists to claim that this inscribed slab documents an Egyptian calendar reform which was then only implemented 250 years later by Julius Caesar. How absolutely provincial!
Of course, the "inscribed slab" just found documents a calendar reform actually made -IN EGYPT - at the time of the writing of this slab, as one would expect.
See my chronology of the world page at http://www.lexiline.com/lexiline/lexi760.htm where I write: "236 BC Restoration of the Etruscan 'Secular (calendric) Games' in Rome".
What calendric reform is being made? - it is the "great leap year" adjustment for the passage of 1440 years (4 x 360 viz. 3 x 480) years.
The calendar of Pharaonic Egypt, as I have discovered and always alleged, began in 3117 BC, and 1440 years later was 1677 BC, which was the beginning of the Second Intermediate Period in Egypt.
Another 1440 years later (4 x 360 viz. 3 x 480) gives us 237 BC, continuing a tradition established by Khasekhemwy in 2637 BC (2638 BC) of adjusting the calendar every 480 years, which I have long had posted at
(years are here all adjusted to reflect exact 480-year divisions, whereas exact calendric reform will result in uneven yearly divisions)
3117 BC start of the calendar
2637 BC reform of the Calendar by Khasekhemwy for the tropical year
2157 BC First Intermediate Period
1677 BC Second Intermediate Period
1197 BC Rule of King David (Sethos) begins - whence Hall of Records
717 BC Start of the reign of Numa Pompilius, the 1st calendric king of Rome, begins
237 BC Restoration of the Etruscan "Secular (calendric) Games" in Rome - whence the building of Edfu
It was in fact at the time referred to in the newly found inscribed calendric slab that Ptolemy III Euergetes I began the building of the Horus Temple of Edfu (see Dieter Kurth, Edfu, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 1994 where he gives the date as 237 BC).
In fact, as the mainstream Egyptologists have not recognized, but as we now know here to certainty for the first time, Edfu is a calendric temple marking this calendric reform and the celebration of the passage of 1440 years (4 x 360 years). Note that Ed-fu = Latvian Dievu "belonging to God" which is the same meaning given to "Ed-fu" by the Egyptologists.
Traditionally, it has been thought that the Sothic period of 4 x 365 years - based on the star Sirius - was determinative for adjusting the solar to the tropical year, but as Eduard Meyer wrote, no Egyptian source ties the Sothic Year to Sirius nor to the period of 1460 rather than 1440 years. See http://www.lexiline.com/lexiline/lexi20.htm
We now know that the Pharaonic Egyptian "great leap year" was tied to the Sun and extended for 1440 years.
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