Thursday, February 13, 2003

LexiLine Journal #155 - 2003 : Ancient Survey Europe Africa Tanum Tangier (Gibraltar) Tunis Knossos Crete Gambia Aksum Ethiopia La Spezia Italy


Welcome!

.


Enrico Calzolari, the discoverer of the Mark of Cassiopeia in Italy,
[ see http://www3.shiny.it/caprione/ ]
has joined our list and in his honor I am uploading the file

tanumtop.gif

to our LexiLine files at
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/LexiLine/files/
in the subdirectory on Scandinavia.

Enrico has further discovered that the area around La Spezia, Italy
has many megalithic sites, some of which I have previously
deciphered and have already posted to our list files on Italy.

Why are there so many megalithic sites around La Spezia? and why do
several of them - in my decipherment - appear to be maps of various
parts of the earth, including Europe? There had to be a special
reason in ancient days, and I believe I have found it.

Not only did La Spezia mark Cassiopeia in the geodetic survey of
Ancient Italy, but according to my analysis and the uploaded file
tanumtop.gif, it also represented the central triangulation point
for the ancient survey of Europe. This triangulation involves the
primary megalithic sites of Tanumsheide (Tanum, Fossum) in Sweden,
plus the point at which Africa and Europe meet at Gibraltar (these
are megaliths at Tangier), plus Knossos on Crete. La Spezia is the
center of this triangulational pyramid, and I think similar geodetic
and astronomical triangulational considerations led to the pyramids
of later Egypt.

Not only does this triangulation measure ancient Europe, but each of
the sides of this triangle are 2800 kilometers long. In addition,
these lines were also extended down into Africa another 2800
kilometers, which is why we find megaliths in Gambia (most megaliths
now found there are later imitations of the few originals, which
still appear to be there, based on my analysis of photos from
Gambia). This is also why we find megaliths ca. 5600 kilometers (2
x 2800) across the whole of Africa at Aksum, Ethiopia.

A giant obelisk used to stand at Aksum, but this was transported by
Mussolini to Rome in 1937 and now stands in front of the United
Nations FAO headquarters (Food and Agriculture Organization).

The locations of Aksum and Gambia were the ancient cornerstones in
Africa for this gigantic land survey. La Spezia, Italy and Tunis
(Dougga) marked the centers of the two main triangles of this survey.

Of course, the obelisk of Aksum dates to a more recent period (some
say the obelisk stood in Ethiopia from the 4th century). Clearly,
the obelisk was surely put up at the site where the original ancient
survey cornerstone was marked, and where the nearby Neolithic
megaliths still present at Aksum surely represent the older versions
of this cornerstone measurement. [This indicates also that the
obelisks of ancient Egypt stood at primary geodetic marking points.]

Very important as a matter of the proof of this theory, is that the
ancients in their survey intentionally used a distance which covered
45 degrees of latitude from ca. 59 degrees North latitude
(Tanumsheide, Sweden) to ca. 14 degrees N. latitude, giving them one-
quarter of the length of the Earth's sphere vertically and
permitting them to calculate the distance between the poles fairly
accurately.

Similarly, their choice of longitude from Tangier 5.45 W to Knossos
at 25.10 E (or possibly also Cato Zagros at the end of Crete at
somewhat more than 26 degrees E) would have represented their
measured distance of a total of 30 degrees (a minus 5 plus a plus
25) (or 1/12th of the circumference of the sphere of the Earth at
that latitude).

The outer 2800 kilometer long survey lines were then extended
southward into North Africa to twice that distance of 2800
kilometers, i.e. to 5600 kilometers from Tanum to ca. 14 degrees
North latitude.

There Gambia then marks ca. 16.39 West longitude (Banjul) and Aksum
in Ethiopia marks ca. 14 degrees North latitude and 38.43 degrees
East longitude, giving a distance of only about 55 to 56 degrees
longitude rather than the expected 60 degrees, perhaps due to the
increasing girth of circumference and the bulge of the Earth toward
the equator – it is not a perfect sphere.

In any case, these measurements would have allowed the ancients to
draw many far-reaching conclusions about the actual size and shape
of the earth. It would also have permitted them to calculate the
length of a degree of latitude and longitude for the various
geodetic locations selected by them and thus also for the whole
earth by extrapolation. Such calculations were of course later
improved at megalithic sites such as Stonehenge and later measured
in detail at the Cheops Pyramid. See Peter Tompkins, Secrets of the
Great Pyramid
, Galahad Books, N.Y. 1997.

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