Monday, December 30, 2002

LexiLine Journal #100 - 2002 : Epagomena El Nassey Al Nasak New Year Calculation


Welcome!

.

Happy New Year 2003 !

This will be the last LexiLine Newsletter in 2002 so that the year
2003 will intentionally start with LexiLine Newsletter 101 and thus
we will have an easy way to follow the number of Newsletters in the
coming year.

In terms of the history of astronomy, most of you probably know that
the fixing of the New Year at January 1 rather than at the Winter
Solstice has a long history going back at least to the Romans, who
used this date, though the reason is not explicitly recorded.

Very long ago, humans calculated by the Moon, giving a year of 354
days or 12 months x 29.5 days.

The first civil solar calendars were only 360 days or 12 months of
30 days, leaving 5 days left over from the true solar year of 365
days.

The Greeks knew these intermediary days "between the years" as
epagomena, and this "short week" was called "El Nassey" by the Arabs
(and also Nissanu or Nisan by the Babylonians and Hebrews), a term
which I see related to the Arabic Al Nasak.

Al Nisak (> El Nassey) applied both to the stars delta, epsilon and
zeta in ORION - and this is Orion's Belt - as well as stars opposite
in the sky in Hercules (beta and gamma), Ophiuchus (delta and
epsilon) and Serpens, a line known by the Arabs as Raudah (= Latvian
Rauta - the line drawn or plumbed).

These opposing stars marked the Equinoxes in 3117 BC so that the
epagomenal days will already have been used at that time, as we know
from Pharaonic Egypt and the Pyramid texts, where epagomenal days
are mentioned.
See
http://www.egyptstudy.org/Ostracon/JLowdermilk_June2000.pdf

The later Pharaoh Khasekhemwy was then the calendric king who - as I
have discovered and as previously already reported - was the first
human to intercalate the calendar for the tropical year of stars
(365.2422 days vs. 365 days of the solar year).
See http://www.lexiline.com/lexiline/lexi762.htm

Please note that the mean tropical year Newcomb style is 365.2422
days but that the vernal equinox year of actual days passed in a
human calendar is 365.2424 days (365 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes or
365 and 8/33 days).

Much later, the epagomenal days in Egypt were allegedly tied in with
innundation of the Nile.

However, the current position at the Winter Solstice is surely the
original one, with the year starting after the Winter Solstice and
the begin of the return of the Sun. So that we have a break between
the Winter Solstice and the New Year on January 1 because of
epagomenal considerations of the ancients I am sure.

I wish you all a Happy New Year's Celebration and the Best of Luck
and Happiness in the New Year.

Remember, if you owned the WHOLE world, just by yourself, and there
were no other humans on this planet, you would be the world's
richest man or woman, but you would still have nothing. All that we
have of value depends on other human beings. Perhaps this is a good
New Year's Resolution for the coming 365 days in this often too
troubled world:

Value your fellow human being.

After all, when we study the history of ancient civilizations, we
are studying - hopefully - the good things that our fellow men did
do long ago, all over our planet.

Monday, December 23, 2002

LexiLine Journal #99 - 2002 : Merry Christmas Winter Solstice Bible

Welcome!

.


Merry Christmas to all of YOU
the unique members of LexiLine
and may your Holiday Season
be full of Good Cheer.

Prior to the days of the religions, as you all know, Christmas was
the feast of the Winter Solstice and the begin of the return of the
Sun from its most southerly abode. Modern man may not see it as
such - but our lives - such as the climates of the seasons - are
still very much a product of the movements of the heavenly spheres,
over which we have no control. It is understandable that the
ancients had such a reverence for the sun, moon and planets within
the heavenly fabric of the stars, for their welfare did depend on
it. It is a reverence we have retained, albeit in more modern form.

UPDATE from Jan Sharkey

Subj: Re: [LexiLine] 99 LexiLine Newsletter 2002 Merry Christmas
Date: 12/24/2002 11:04:14 PM Eastern Standard Time
From: "janis sharkey"

To: LexiLine-owner@yahoogroups.com


Thankyou for your Christmas Greetings. I do appreciate your emails
always with something new and informative. I have always
appreciated the links the Bible has to the heavens and even the
message of Jesus always showed the way with the true zodiac
meanings. Such as the insufficiency of the two fishes in feeding
the 5 thousand, Bread always represents Virgo, even the man who was
carrying the pitcher represented Aquarius. I have never been able
to read the Bible without my mind being on the heavens. Even the
story of Moses who married one of seven sisters. I do think she was
the link to the main star of the Pleides. There is so much more.
When these links are understood, it is very difficult to read the
Bible in the same manner as Churches and different Christian
religions.

Cheers

Jan Sharkey

UPDATE from Andis Kaulins

This
Merry Christmas
ICQ card
is just too good not to pass on to the group

http://web.icq.com/friendship/view_page/0,,7944,00.html

Make sure you click ALL the reindeer
and keep your eye on the Moon in the Stars.

This is in our view THE "Astronomer's Choice"
for the best online Christmas Card of this holiday season.

LexiLine Journal #98 - 2002 : Abydos Egypt City Palette Deciphered as a Planisphere

Welcome!

.

I have uploaded my new decipherment
of the Abydos City Palette
as
abydosp1.gif
to the Ancient Egypt folder
at
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/LexiLine/files/Egypt/

This decipherment is explained online at
http://www.lexiline.com/lexiline/lexi33.htm

[UPDATE December 7, 2006]

THE ABYDOS CITY PALETTE
of ANCIENT EGYPT

Decipherment by Andis Kaulins



This decipherment is based on two photographs on page 28 (plates 35 and 36) of a wonderful German book entitled Ägypten, Die Welt der Pharaonen, editors Regine Schulz and Matthias Seidel, publisher Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft, Köln, 1997.

That book labels this object as a "Städtepalette" [City Palette] , the object being described as: "Grauwacke [grey wacke stone]; H. [height] 19 cm, Br. [width] 22 cm; [location] Kairo [Cairo], Ägyptisches Museum, [Egyptian Museum] JE 27434 (CG 14238)." There is an extensive "Bildnachweis" (Acknowledgement of Photos) in the book organized as a very difficult-to-use alphabetical index by author rather than by picture or page number at pages 537 and 538 of that book, and after some searching, I found it to indicate that the "City Palette" photos in that book stem origianlly from Jürgen Liepe, Berlin.


The HOE (compass) = Symbol for "Measure"

Each of the "cities" is preceded by the sign of the (compass) hoe, to be read MR, which means MER- i.e. "measure" as in Latvian mer "to measure".

1. The Spring Equinox

The OWL marks Perseus and the Pleiades whose stars are shown as squares on the City Palette.

The owl hieroglyph starts the city palette marking Perseus and the Pleiades, whose stars are shown as squares on the City Palette. Above the owl is a bird, perhaps a falcon, apparently marking Camelopardalis.

The owl is used here as a symbol of the rotating heavens because of its ability to turn its head more than 90° in both directions (later so in fact shown on Greek coins of the owl of Athena).

2. ORION

The Egyptian Ba-Bird JABIRU = Sumerian HABUR

The 2nd hieroglyph starts star regions which appear to be equivalent to the Sumerian Sons of God. It is a hieroglyph of the so-called Ba-Bird or JABIRU, which of course is identical to HABUR on the Sumerian Sons of God list. This is Orion and also here, the 7 principal stars of Orion are marked.

3. GEMINI

The TWINS = Sumerian sa-KIN-KIN

The third symbol, the twins, is self-explanatory. SA-KIN-KIN on the Sumerian Sons of God list
covers Canis Major and Gemini, so KIN KIN may mean either Canis Major or the doubled twins - in this sky region, i.e. the doubling simply shows the plural form.

4. Cancer = Sumerian UK...KU...

CANCER = Sumerian UK...KU... Sanskrit KARKA. This is clearly a crab-like or lizard-like animal. It is the glyph to the far left of the top line.

5. LEO, the Lion = (ELASSER, LARAK)

Below the lion is the hieroglyph of the outstretched arms |__|, crossed by an additional line, the reading of which is the same as a man with his arms held up high meaning "spirit, high"
i.e. K3 = KR or KRi, as in Indo-European (Latvian) KARALis "regent, king" but also GAR- "spirit" or AUG "high". LARAK may be KARAL.

This outstretched arm hierogylph is read by the Greeks as KER, which is like Latvian KER- (palatal k, pronounced TJER) meaning "grasp". Here it markes Crater and Hydra (Djer).

6. LEO MINOR and CORVUS

Dendera has a crab at the position of Leo Minor and here we have it again, looking like a scorpion, which originally led me to think this was Scorpio, which is not the case. It is Leo Minor, on ancient megaliths marked as a knife or dagger - so this was a "sharp" symbol. Below the scorpion is the symbol of a footstool or basket - Corvus - seemingly confused in the course of time with Crater as "the pot", and as Richard Hinckley Allen in Star Names notes some ascriptions to Crater, "but all this better suits Corvus" (p. 183).

7. VIRGO - SPICA

The hieroglyph is "reedgrass, Binse" or SCHT

Virgo was the maiden of the wheatfield and the hieroglyph clearly shows a grass of some kind. In Persia Virgo was an ear of wheat. Above Virgo are two birds sitting on a perch whose form is that of the stars of Coma Berenices, the north galactic pole above Virgo. As Thompson writes in Richard Hinckley Allen's Star Names (p. 170):

"the stars which Conon converted into the Coma Berenices ... and which lie in Leo opposite to the Pleiades in Taurus, were originally constellated as a Dove...." That quote tells us that the birds here are doves and why the City Palette stretches from the Pleiades to Virgo.

THE BACK SIDE OF ABYDOS PALETTE

The back side of the Abydos Palette shows three levels of animals and the lower one of plants corresponding to paths in the heavens identified first in Sumerian texts by Werner Papke in Die Sterne von Babylon (The Stars of Babylon, available thus far only in German).

The Path of EN.LIL is north of (above) 16.°69 declination.
Sumerian NIN.da represents the breeding bull and seed funnel, NININ penned-up cattle and gi.LIL.i is a herd of animals. So a cow is used as a symbol for the path of EN.LIL
This is the upper world.
The Path of ANU is between + 16.°69 and -16.°69 declination.
Sumerian AN+shu (Latvian ANsis means donkey, AUNS means "ram", AN means "sky, heaven" whence Latvian ENA "eclipse") - so the three terms here are homophonic.
This is the path of the eclipses.

The Path of EA is south of (below) - 16.°69 declination.
Werner Papke describes it as the path of water.
Sumerian E means irrigation ditch, boundary canal, to water.
This is the netherworld.

Saturday, December 21, 2002

LexiLine Journal #97 - 2002 : Stonehenge : Breastplate of the High Priest


Welcome!

.


To our LexiLine Files in the Ancient Britain folder I have added

breastpl.gif and
breastpl.tif

showing the largest gold object ever found in the Stonehenge environs.

It was found on the breast of a skeleton in Barrow 158 about one- half mile south of Stonehenge in a barrow which - according to my decipherment of the barrows of Stonehenge previously posted to the LexiLine Ancient Britain files - is placed exactly in the "cup" of the Big Dipper, i.e. Ursa Major, thus giving it a very special significance.

This breastplate is in my analysis clearly the Stonehenge Breastplate of the high priest or druid - marking a 24-hour astronomical clock around its perimeter - and I regard it - very speculatively of course - to be the predecessor to the later Breastplate of the Cohen Gadol, as used by the Hebrews. According to F. Graham Millar, the Hebrew breastplate goes back to astronomical origins in the Zodiac of stars.

This Zodiac - as we see in the middle of nine squares - was originally nine and not twelve (as in the later case of the Hebrews). This is confirmed in Latvian mythology - nine being the older number of Zodiacal divisions in the Dainas - the Nine Sons of God. See also the Sumerian Sons of God.

The basic astronomy measurement system used I have already long ago uploaded to the Ancient Britain file as astrgeom.tif showing how such a square system would look. For Stonehenge, which may date to ca. 1750 BC, the major axis then would however be along the Milky Way and not along the Solstices. It all depends on when the breastplate or a previous model was made - and this could be much further back in time. This is unclear for now.

Also unclear is how many lines (if any on the original at all) are actually carved into the gold breastplate - the woodcut can not be used to know this - one would have to examine the original gold object. The corners seem to have 30, so 12 x 30 would be 360, but the woodcut has fewer lines than that. I would imagine that each line on the breastplate represented a day, but I might be wrong. I would at least count the lines on the original Stonehenge Breastplate to check this out.

LexiLine Journal #96 - 2002 : Legend Rock Wyoming Ancient Geodetic Position

Welcome!

.


To the LexiLine files for North America

I have added

cahokia2.gif and
cahokia2.tif

showing how the Legend Rock site in Wyoming near Thermopolis fits exactly into the geodetic survey that I claim was made of North America (including what is today the USA) ca. 3000 BC. Indeed it is on a major survey line running through Cahokia.

[UPDATE 2006 - that graphic has since then been supplanted by cahokia 3.gif]

This again is a particularly gratifying proof for me since I was not aware of the Legend Rock site prior to Sammye's posting of it to this list. See her Legend Rock photos in the LexiLine Newsletter "Photos" file.

From this analysis we can see that Legend Rock marks the site of Ophiuchus in the geodetic survey by astronomy which the ancients made in the prehistoric era.

On the coasts,
the Indian mounds near Portland, Oregon on the West
and the Indian mounds of the Pee Dee River region on the East
(north of Charleston, South Carolina)
would seem to mark the ends of this line of survey.

It is a line which runs parallel to two other major survey lines in ancient America, as already previously discovered by me and posted to this list:

1) the line which runs from the Miami Circle, Florida, to Mount
Sano, Louisiana, to Clovis, New Mexico, and to ca. Palo Alto in
California, and

2) the line running from Montville, Connecticut through
Peterborough, Canada, from there on to Thunder Bay, and from there to
Whitehorse in the Yukon.

In addition, Thermopolis then marks the middle position between Clovis and ca. Saskatoon on one of the major vertical survey lines.

Put bluntly, Legend Rock fits perfectly into this previously discovered system.

Wednesday, December 11, 2002

Tuesday, December 10, 2002

LexiLine Journal #94 - 2002 : Biblical Chronology - Eclipses

Welcome!

.

I have found a new proof of the ca. 28-year error in Biblical chronology.

I have previously written about the error present in Biblical Chronology and thus also present in all of classical Greek and Roman chronology as well. As I already have reported, the German dendrochronologist Ernst Hollstein showed in 1980 that the tree rings in Europe diverged ca. 26 to 30 years from historical chronology.

Unaware of Hollstein's work, Mitchell similarly pointed out that a ca. 26 to 30-year difference is found in trying to reconcile the astronomy of Ptolemy with the Babylonian lists of kings.

Thiele writes for example: "For many years Old Testament scholars have noticed that a total of 128 regnal years for the rulers of Judah from the accession of Athaliah to the end of Azariah ... was about a quarter of a century in excess of the years of contemporary Assyria ...."

In the Bible, Amos 8:9 says "'And on that day,' says the Lord God, 'I will make the Sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight.' This is the alleged 763 BC solar eclipse used by mainstream chronology to "mesh" Biblical and Assyrian chronology. It is the wrong eclipse.

This solar eclipse can not be the solar eclipse of June 15, 763 B.C. according to Starry Night Pro. There is NOTHING at all special about the June 15, 763 BC solar eclipse, which takes place early in the morning and not in the middle of the day, and on no special day.

The eclipse of June 24, 791 BC on the other hand, IS SPECIAL. It takes place at the Summer Solstice during the afternoon, i.e. near the middle of the day and it takes place in terms of totality on a path near Cairo, Egypt.

There is no doubt that the current mainstream use of the June 15, 763 BC eclipse for this biblical date is wrong and that the eclipse of June 24, 791 BC is the right one.

Biblical dating is thus off by ca. 28 years at this point in history.

Sunday, December 08, 2002

LexiLine Journal #93 - 2002 : Treasures of the World

Welcome!

.

This newsletter relates to the website
http://www.schaetze-der-welt.de/sdw_index.html

Let me quote the material from that website:

"In striking pictures, shot on 35mm film, the TV programme »Treasures of the World« tells the stories of this World Heritage in now more than 200 episodes. For the time being, the website's full range of features (picture-book with playback function, the actual films as Real Video plus extensive background information) is only available in German although an English version is in preparation."

This is a truly wonderful and exceptional site which includes some videos of historical sites of the world as well as many other scenic places throughout the globe. The photography is quite good.

Monday, November 25, 2002

LexiLine Journal #92 - 2002 : Weris I Belgium Megalithic Site Deciphered as Virgo

Welcome!

.

To the LexiLine "Photos" at
http://tech.ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/LexiLine/photos
I have added the following jpgs and gifs to the Belgium files:

weris2.jpg - Weris I Belgium Virgo Dolmen Capstone
weris3.jpg - Weris I Boötes Megalith
weris4.jpg - Weris I North Ecliptic Pole
weris5.jpg - Weris I West Side of Dolmen Serpens Caput to Cygnus
weris6.jpg - Weris I East Side of Dolmen Pleiades to Canis Major
weris7.jpg - Weris I Stones S SE of Dolmen Pleiades to Andromeda
weris8.gif - Weris I Dolmen Entrance Libra megalith at N North Ecliptic Pole

Please be aware that the Yahoo viewer initially decreases the size of the photos you see so that for each viewed photo you have to click "full size" [located to the right and above the terms "Send Greeting"] on the initial viewing page of the photo to get the full photo on your screen. You need not wait for the size-decreased photo to load to click to the full size.

These uploaded files represent my definitive decipherment of the megaliths, stones and gigantic dolmen at the site of Weris I in Belgium, near Durbuy and Barvaux, which as a megalithic site marks Virgo in the Neolithic survey of the Germanic regions of Europe - a site which has been dated to ca. 3000 BC by mainstream astronomers, a date which I can confirm, since the East side of the Dolmen shows the Vernal Equinox to run along the right edge of Orion.

As you can see from the photos - which include the decipherments - the Dolmen Capstone itself represents Virgo, but all of the megaliths of the Dolmen have holes for certain stars and carved
figures on them also for constellations, covering the entire heavens.

The prominent megaliths to the N and NW represent Boötes and the North Ecliptic Pole, the latter megalith of which is broken, probably intentionally by later peoples.

The megaliths to the S and SE - currently flat on the ground - represent the stars from the Pleiades and Taurus to Andromeda - including, including Cepheus, Lacerta, Cassiopeia, Perseus, Aries, and Triangulum.

THANKSGIVING MESSAGE on November 28, 2002 from Leila Child

Subj: ThanksGiving
Date: 11/28/2002 10:49:26 AM Eastern Standard Time
From: LeilaChild@aol.com
To: LexiLine-owner@yahoogroups.com
Sent from the Internet (Details)


Greetings,

I don't know if any one else has said this, Mr. Kaulins, but I'd like to wish you a Happy Thanksgiving holiday. And to say thanks for all you have done for this list.

From a very under-educated member

Leila

UPDATE THANKSGIVING

Dear LexiLiners, Leila, and Steve,

Thank YOU for your kind letters of ThanksGiving.

I wish the happiest of ThanksGiving to ALL LexiLine members.

Andis
LexiLine List Owner

P.S. to Leila - the only under-educated people out there are those
who are NOT members of the LexiLine list.

Monday, November 11, 2002

LexiLine Journal #91 - 2002 : Legend Rock Wyoming USA Petroglyphs

Welcome!

.



Subj: New Photos Uploaded to Legend Rock Petroglyphs Folder
Date: 11/9/2002 6:21:34 PM Eastern Standard Time
From: "Jean Buffum" <buffroc@ix.netcom.com>
To: <LexiLine-owner@yahoogroups.com>
Reply-To: "Jean Buffum" <buffroc@ix.netcom.com>
File: Info on Legend Rock Site.doc
Sent from the Internet (Details)


Andis,

I have added 18 new photos to the Legend Rock Petroglyph Folder. Lexiliners can view them Under Files; US; Wyoming; Legend Rock. File extensions on all the new photos are capitalized, i.e. ."JPG" . Photos uploaded earlier are in lower case. Be sure to check out the two photos titled horned snakes. What would it be if not an astronomical calendar? I had to use a photo editing program to highlight the horned snakes and some other features covered by shadow because they didn't show up when photos were scanned.

I also added a text file with brief info and link to State of Wyoming's official description of the site. (See attachment) Hope that's ok. If not let me know and I'll remove it.

Sorry to have taken so long to get rest of photos up. One glitch after another with my brand new computer sys. Long boring story. Finally had to wipe hard drive and reload everything. Gr-rr-r.

Cheers,

Sammye
________
__________

I have added the original attached .doc file as simple text to this e-mail below - AK.
__________
__________


Andis,

I added a text file with the paragraph below to the Legend Rock Petroglyphs folder. The link given is to the article following the paragraph.

Official Info on Legend Rock Site

Official word says that The Legend Rock Petroglyph Site, has over250 petroglyphs. I think that's probably several hundred short of what's actual. Every time I look at the photos I see new images I'd never have noticed, had Andis not inspired me to use my eyes a little better. Some "experts" have dated ages for the glyphs at 500-1700 yrs; some put oldest at over 2000 yrs and others at around 5700 yrs. See official description of site in article titled "Hot Springs, Wyoming Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 7/5/73" at http://wyoshpo.state.wy.us/legend.htm.

Sammye

"Hot Springs, Wyoming Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 7/5/73"
http://wyoshpo.state.wy.us/legend.htm

"The Legend Rock petroglyphs, figures carved or etched upon a rock surface, are seen in a series of panels on the faces of three major sandstone outcroppings near Hamilton Dome, Wyoming. The petroglyphs are significant as an irreplaceable record of many different
prehistoric cultural groups, spanning a long period from the Late Prehistoric (A.D. 500-1700) to historic times. The smooth faces of sandstone cliffs provided a natural canvas for the prehistoric
artist who used stone tools to incise figures upon them. The oldest figures represent an early hunting style found throughout the northern hemisphere and are characterized by the predominance of small, solid, realistic animals accompanied by small, linear human figures, some of which carry spears and bows. This early style is followed by several types of solid or outlined figures ranging in size from six inches to two and a half feet in length. Animals are executed with a realism and precision that indicates considerable skill and an awareness of the salient features of a large number of game animals including elk, deer, buffalo, mountain sheep (and possibly goats), bear, antelope, mountain lion, dog, rabbit, turtle, and several kinds of birds including the eagle. Human figures are represented with a unique emphasis on individualized headdresses or
hair styles.

The next petroglyph development seen at the site is of one of the most complex, symbolic, and highly stylized types found in the United States. It is characterized by creatures ranging to over four feet in size, figures with overlapping forms; figures within figures; figures with complex, interior-line designs; figures with long, attenuated necks, or with lateral appendages terminating in pincer-like forms; and vertical line figures, sometimes wearing kilts, sometimes topped by exotic, feathered headdresses. These figures fit within a general tradition found extensively in the Wind River Basin to the south, but also represent a distinctive, localized variation of possible mythical creatures which likely are associated with religious beliefs and rituals. The most recent petroglyphs relate to typical early Plains Indian hide-painting. In
one area a "V"-shouldered figure wearing a bone breastplate is seen. At another area a group of horses with long, curved necks has been rubbed upon a smooth surface high above ground level. Several yards away, above a narrow ledge, a horse with its rider carrying a large, fringed shield and lance is depicted.

The value of the petroglyphs at the Legend Rock site is considerable in terms of providing the ability to reconstruct the perceptions, experiences, values and beliefs of a number of different prehistoric cultures. The sandstone inscriptions represent one type of human communication system, a particular method of conveying information by means of symbols. These symbols permit the archaeologist to interpret, and possibly reconstruct the life lived by prehistoric
peoples."

UPDATE, November 11, 2002 by Andis Kaulins

Dear Sammye,

Please file to and/or move all of your photos to the Photos file at LexiLine - otherwise our contingent of memory at the LexiLine Files will be exhausted in no time - these photos are very large files.

We will keep Files for drawings, which take much less memory. I also will be filing many of my photos to the photos File soon.

This is a solution which should keep us from exhausting our memory contingent in the near future.

Sammye,

what we need for Legend Rock is a map drawing showing the relative locations of all your photos one to the other. Singly, they can not be deciphered. We also require some longer-distance, i.e. more panoramic photos, showing the shape of the rocks and surrounding rocks. I continue to emphasize my conviction that the clearly intentional carved shape of many rocks is older than the images painted later on them.

Thank you for what you have already produced. This looks like a great US site.

Andis

UPDATE, November 25, 2002

Subj: Re: [LexiLine] LexiLine Filing of Photos etc.
Date: 11/24/2002 8:22:22 PM Eastern Standard Time
From: "Jean Buffum" <buffroc@ix.netcom.com>
To: "Andis Kaulins" <AKaulins@aol.com>
Reply-To: "Jean Buffum" <buffroc@ix.netcom.com>
Sent from the Internet (Details)


Andis,

The Legend Rock Photos have been moved from the "Files" section to
the "Photos" section of Lexiline Newsletter and several new ones
have been added. They may be viewed by clicking on:

Photos > US > Wyoming > Legend Rock, Wyoming.

Cheers,

Sammye

Tuesday, October 29, 2002

LexiLine Journal #90 - 2002 : : Aill Na Mireann - The Catstone - Ecliptic Celestial Equator 3117 BC

Welcome!

.


I have deleted the old mireann.gif and mireann.tif in our Ancient
Ireland file folder and have added new versions at
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/LexiLine/files/Ancient%20Ireland/ as

mireann.gif and
mireann.tif

showing how the upper recessed area is the ecliptic
and the lower recessed area is the celestial equator

I originally had the lower recessed area as the ecliptic and this
was wrong. The new, corrected version now allows us to date this
megalith with certainty, since the point of crossing of the
celestial equator and ecliptic at the Autumn Equinox is at the head
of Scorpio on the megalith. This marks a date of ca. 3117 BC.

LexiLine Journal #89 - 2002 : Skregg the Short-Eared Owl Photos Ireland County Roscommon Ursa Major

Welcome!

.


I have collected some links about the short-eared owl
represented by the megalith Skregg in Roscommon, Ireland.

The Short-eared Owl has the Latin name Asio flammeus
and in French it is called Hibou des marais.

The French also have some important photos online, especially the first one below, showing the owl in a flatter position, which it often takes, being very much a "ground" owl and also hunting during the day, which is unusual.

http://www.vendee.lpo-birdlife.asso.fr/OISEAUX/hib.htm
http://members.aol.com/filb41/foto24.jpg
http://www.lincstrust.co.uk/species/birds/so.html
ttp://www.birdsofprey.org.uk/Short%20Eared%20Owl.htm
http://lpo29.free.fr/hibou_des_marais.html
http://members.tripod.com/dumontb2001/hiboux/hiboudesmarais.html
http://perso.wanadoo.fr/oiseauxdefrance/Fiche.hibou.marais.htm
http://www.bsc-eoc.org/dow

One can begin to appreciate why people take up birdwatching.

You can compare these photos of the short-eared owl to the very few photos of Skregg online at
http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/image.php?image_id=6442
and
http://www.megalithomania.com/show_site.php?site_id=620

Do not expect the confluence to appear immediately - it does not. But study the stone for several minutes and then you may see the ancient now very weatherworn similarity.

Monday, October 28, 2002

LexiLine Journal #88 - 2002 : Creevykeel Carrowkeel Sligo Ireland Virgo

Welcome!

.


I have uploaded

carrowkeel.gif and
carrowkeel.tif

to our Ancient Ireland folder

The connection of Sligo to Virgo is also found at the extensive site Carrowmore which is allegedly the burial place for Queen Maeve, on the cairn atop the mountain of Knocknaree, Queen Maeve, as the legendary ancestor of the Celts, is surely Virgo,
known in Anglo-Saxon as Maiden and in Latin as Minerva.

Carrowkeel Cairn G Sligo Solstice Calculation 2430 BC

Cairn G of the site Carrowkeel in Sligo, Ireland is an astronomical masterpiece of calculation, with the sun shining over the doorway at the Summer Solstice, then being reflected back by a shiny mica wall to the portal stone, which has a vertical slit in it through which the reflected sunlight passes.

As we have discovered, the figures carved on the portal megalith stone of Cairn G permit calculation of the date of this Summer Solstice to June 25, 2430 BC at which time there was a solar eclipse and the line of the Solstices ran from Deneb in Cygnus, through the North Ecliptic Pole, the North Celestial Pole and along the side of the left cup stars of Ursa Major, i.e. the Big Dipper....

This is precisely the line shown by the portal stone in the drawing above.

Also,
creevykeel2.gif and
creevykeel2.tif
have replaced creevykeel1.gif and .tif in our files
because of a small correction
- moving the Ursa Major label down where it belongs
and adding Pegasus and Andromeda in the background for the stones behind it.

Sunday, October 27, 2002

LexiLine Journal #87 - 2002 : Skregg Screeaghag Oie Owl County Roscommon Ireland Ursa Major

Welcome!

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In one of the most satisfying confirmations of my megalithic identifications in Ireland, I have finally figured out what figure the megalith SKREGG in Ireland represents, the megalith I have - as it turns out - correctly identified as Ursa Major in County Roscommon.

The name "Skregg" for this megalith gives us a clue to the figure on the megalith.

In Irish Gaelic screeaghag oie is a "fern owl, nightjar" - the short-eared owl or what we might call a "screech (skregg) owl". Skregg is an owl.

This owl - indigenous to the British Isles - can be viewed online at the World Owl Trust at
http://www.owls.org/Species/asio/short_eared_owl.htm

Most interesting are the two large dimples near the mouth below the eyes, giving us the two other stars of Ursa Major in the cup-part of the Big Dipper.

Fabulous.

So this Skregg.

Thursday, October 24, 2002

LexiLine Journal #86 - 2002 : Turoe Stone County Galway Ireland Hydra


Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded
turoe.gif and
turoe.tif

The Turoe graphics represent my decipherment of the famed Turoe Stone of County Galway, Ireland to show that it represents Hydra, in a system which I date to ca. 1 BC, as this depiction is fairly modern in origin.

The stars of Hydra are shown on the stone as circles or circular whorls and Hydra is shown to be almost a mythological creature, though the head is clearly visible.

One sees the Turoe stone clearly when the Turoe Stone is folded out into four parts
as at the folded-out Turoe Design at

http://www.unc.edu/courses/art111/celtic/design/turoe/turoe.html

using an idea from Peter Harbison's book,
Pre-Christian Ireland,
Thames and Hudson Ltd.,London, 1988, p. 159.

If you make the circles dark in color, one gets the same Hydra picture as above.

The Galway sister site, Ballynacloghy, is in my opinion about 3000 years older in its representation of Hydra and Leo.

LexiLine Journal #85 - 2002 : Ballyedmonduff County Dublin Ireland Andromeda Planisphere

Welcome!

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To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded
in addition to
ballyedmonduff.gif
and
ballyedmonduff.tif
also the files
ballyedmonduff2.gif
ballyedmonduff2.tif
and
ballyedmonduff3.gif
ballyedmonduff3.tif

The site of Ballyedmonduff in County Dublin, Ireland teaches us several important lessons about megalithic sites.

Except for stones added or moved since the creation of any megalithic site, the following is generally true:

1. ALL of the stones at Neolithic megalithic sites, whether big megaliths OR small stones, are there by intention to serve a particular purpose. They are not there by chance. They have been selected for their position out of many megaliths and stones available to the builders. Especially megaliths made of quartz or granite or being of a particular color deserve special attention. The ancients intended it that way - it is not chance. Relative sizes are also significant, often marking the brightness of stars.

2. Many of the stones at megalithic sites have been carved to give them a "living identity", i.e. generally an eye and a mouth at least, and often the entire stone is in the form of some bird or animal or human head - not always identifiable. Maybe all stones are so marked, but due to weathering this is impossible to tell.

3. Many of the stones at megalithic sites have been carved with figures to represent a star or a group of stars. The process looks complicated but is simple. First you carve a large megalith into a particular form. Then you carve more figures onto the already created figure. Within those figures, or even overlapping, you carve even more figures, and so on, until the megalith is covered with carvings, all of course representing various stars in various areas of the sky - some larger, some smaller.

4. Some areas of worked stone seem to weather differently and sometimes are marked by a form of whitish mold. Perhaps the worked areas are a a bit deeper than the normal surface and thus offer mold a better grip.

5. Some of the quartz stones are carved so that the carved figures literally blaze in darkness, much like objects under ultraviolet light. Look e.g. at some photos online of Arthur's Stone Maen Ceti (a gigantic quartz stone in Wales) and then darken the picture in stages in your graphic program - the figures "in the stone" will become apparent marked by fiery colored stars. I am sure this is intentional but I do not know how the ancients did it. If they carved the stones in cold winters in caves using torchlight - as a form of occupation (or calling) - the dim light would have forced them to emphasize lighter grains in the stone to see their own work. Reliefs would literally then dance in the flickering torch light. Perhaps that is how the art of megalith sculpting came to its peak.

6. Many of the stones have visible stars marked on them which mark the particular region of heavens represented by a particular stone. I wish I had known this to begin the decipherment, where I concentrated only on cupmarks of major stars. However, as I have continued this work, magnifying photographs of megalithic sites in my graphic programs, it has become clear that many darker "dots" which appear on magnified pictures are in fact intentional man-made "additions" to the stone, marking stars not so bright, but helping enormously in identifying the stars intended.

Ballyedmonduff, for example, shows the star alpha-Pegasi and the darker dots around this star represent the other smaller (less bright) visible stars around it. In this manner alpha-Pegasi is identified without great doubt, thereby giving greater credence to the entire decipherment. Once a star is established with certainty, the other stars can be identified by logical consequence.

Ballyedmonduff is a so-called "court tomb". In reality, it is not a tomb at all, but a geodetic astronomical planisphere.

Ballyedmonduff is similar to Creevykeel in Sligo, except that Creevykeel marks Virgo and Ballyedmonduff marks Andromeda.

The largest megalith on the site of Ballyedmonduff marks Andromeda. The other stones mark all of the other major stellar constellations of the heavens. EVERY stone counts. Some of my matches of stones and stars are surely provisional, based only on two photos, but I am certain that the general identification of many of the stones will turn out to be correct in the long term.

LexiLine Journal #84 - 2002 : Glencullen County Dublin Ireland Andromeda

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

glencullen.gif and
glencullen.tif

Glencullen in County Dublin marks Andromeda.

The quartzite Glencullen megalith is one of those special quartz megaliths, all of which represent a special style that I assign to one ancient artist, thinking that one particular cave - e.g. such as Kents Cavern - was the origin of the quartz stones, where they were also sculpted and then transported. Perhaps the geologists will one day be able to determine the origin of the quartz stones, or at least check if they could have a common quarry origin.

Glencullen represents Andromeda and the megalith has Andromeda cupmarked as well as Cassiopeia above it. The reverse, back side of the megalith shows a vase and above that the stars of Boötes, which is exactly opposite in the sky. Below Boötes the constellation Ophiuchus seems to be marked as a figure.

There is a side view of the stone as well but this was not helpful for the decipherment.

Wednesday, October 23, 2002

LexiLine Journal #83 - 2002 : Tirnony County Derry Ireland Sagittarius

Welcome!

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The decipherment of the megaliths at the megalithic site Tirnony in
County Derry has been added to the Ancient Ireland folder at Ancient Ireland, where I have uploaded

tirnony.gif
and
tirnony.tif

representing Sagittarius.

The ireland.gif and ireland.tif files
have also been replaced by newer versions
reflecting the following changes -
Poulnabrone added
Gleninsheen added
Monaghan spelled now without a hyphen.

LexiLine Journal #82 - 2002 : Gleninsheen Poulnabrone Revised Clare County Ireland Cancer Spinning Wheel

Welcome!

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To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded new revised versions of the graphics

poulnabrone.gif
and
poulnabrone.tif

by adding some more spinning wheel parts to the spinning wheel and suggesting the capstone as a representation of a loom - though I know next to nothing about the art of weaving, so this is speculatively provisional.

Poulnabrone is one of the most popular megalithic tourist sites in all of Ireland.

Near it, at the Gleninsheen Dolmen, a gold gorget - the 31 cm Gleninsheen Gorget or Collar now in the National Museum of Ireland - was discovered in 1932.

As noted at Celtic Jewel:
http://www.celticjewel.com/jewelryorigins.html

"The Gleninsheen Gorget or the neck ornament is made from a solid sheet of pure gold. Gorgets are unique to Ireland.... The Gleninsheen Collar also has the distinction of being the logo of the Federation of Jewellery Manufacturers of Ireland."

A graphic of the gorget is found on that website page.

For the Gleninsheen Dolmen, I will be uploading

gleninsheen.gif
and
gleninsheen.tif

showing Gleninsheen Dolmen in County Clare to also represent the spinning wheel in the figures on the megaliths. Glen-in-sheen may have a root SHEEN, perhaps the Gaelic SHAOL "loom" and SNEEUANE "web" whence sneeuanee "cross-hairs" sneeuder "spinner" sneeuder cadee "cotton-spinner" and sneeuit "spun". This would appear to be similar to Latvian SHUJINA, diminutive "SEWN". In fact, the English SEWN is also still close as a term to SHEEN.

One additional new piece of information supports the decipherment of the Poulnabrone Dolmen.

Although I initially suggested a word root (s)poul-na-brone,

the name Poulnabrone

( see http://doolinclare.port5.com/northclare/northclare4.html and
http://www.doolin-accommodation.com/megaliths.html)

allegedly comes from the Gaelic Poll na Bron meaning "hole of the quern" and this alleged root fits perfectly for this site, putting it at the center of the spokes of Cancer, and since quern
means "hand-mill for milling grain" we see it also anciently could have meant spinning wheel, here driven by foot, with the head of Hydra as the pedal.

Tuesday, October 22, 2002

LexiLine Journal #81 - 2002 : Poulnabrone County Clare Ireland Cancer Spinning Wheel

Welcome!

[Update: Revision of this post at LexiLine Journal #82]

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

poulnabrone.gif
and
poulnabrone.tif

from County Clare in Ireland, representing the stars of Cancer.

The amazing thing about these megaliths is that the same representational theme of a spinning wheel is used at the megalithic site of Spinster's Rock (i.e. Spinner's Rock) Dartmoor in Devon, England to represent the stars of Cancer.

The name Poulnabrone may thus originate in *(S)poul-na-brone, whence Gaelic spal = shuttle or spool, and brone perhaps in the Gaelic form broineag means "rag" i.e. cloth, which is similar to Latvian brunchi "skirts", but of course, that is very speculative.

LexiLine Journal #80 - 2002 : Pietra con Coppelle Pietra Coppellata Combara Italy

Welcome!

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To our file folder on Italy
I have uploaded

pietraconcoppelle.gif
and
pietraconcoppelle.tif

showing a megalithic rock planisphere of the heavens at Combara, Italy, marking the stars from Cygnus on the left to Corvus and Crater on the right and including between them in the rock drawing the stars of the constellations of Scutum, Serpens Cauda, Hercules, Serpens Caput, Draco, Libra and Virgo.

I have also uploaded

pietracoppellataak2.gif
and pietracoppelataak2.tif

showing how cupmarked rocks at Combara mark Cassiopeia and in part Cepheus - in great stellar detail.

LexiLine Journal #79 - 2002 : Planispheres Sardinia Corsica Cala Gonone Ursa Minor Filitosa North Ecliptic Pole Mamoiada North Celestial Pole

Welcome!

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In my analysis of the geodetics and astronomy of Italy, including Sardinia, Italy and Corsica, France we find the following:

La Spezia, Italy marks Cassiopeia
Mamoiada, Sardinia marks the North Celestial Pole
Filitosa, Corsica marks the North Ecliptic Pole

and thus
Cala Ganone on the coast of Sardinia marks and can only mark Ursa Minor as shown by

calagono.gif and calagono.tif

as uploaded to the Italy folder in our LexiLine files at Italy

There is also a planisphere at Cala Gonone uploaded as

confrontodifacce.gif and conftonodifacce.tif with the uploaded calagon.gif and calagon.tif showing the front stone of that planisphere of stones.

LexiLine Journal #78 - 2002 : Combara Grotto Italy Aldebaran Hyades

Welcome!

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Enrico Calzolari in Italy has sent me a number of photos of sites in Italy and Sardinia which I have deciphered and drawn based on his photos and which I reproduce with Enrico's permission.

To our file folder on Italy
I have uploaded

combara5.gif
and
combara5.tif

as well as

grottoN.gif
and
grottoN.tif

showing perhaps yet another group of stars from this grotto, these representing Aldebaran and the Hyades as well as stars at the main entrance - though this rock is so weathered that identifications are VERY speculative.

For more information on this grotto, go to
http://www3.shiny.it/caprione/jenam.htm

LexiLine Journal #77 - 2002 : Planisphere Grotto N Combara Italy

Welcome!

.


Enrico Calzolari in Italy has sent me a number of photos of sites in Italy and Sardinia which I have deciphered and drawn based on his photos and which I reproduce with Enrico's permission.

To our file folder on Italy
I have uploaded

cavernadellalunaak.gif and
cavernadellalunaak.tif

The gif is distorted on some screens because of the size of the picture and you may have to copy it to your graphics program to see it correctly, or, alternatively, look at the .tif, which is shown correctly online.

Grotto N in Combara, Italy, is clearly a carved rock drawing site, where this entrance shows a planisphere of the heavens with the cave entrance forming the ellipse of the Milky Way and the stars outside of that ellipse being around it (so my decipherment).

Historcially, Grotto N was used by "priestesses" of a sort, so that some of the figures seemingly visible toward the back of the cave are not redrawn but only referred to by text.

As can be read at
http://www.italycyberguide.com/Geography/regions/liguria.htm
the first evidence of human settlement in this region is in fact in
caves such as Grotto N.

Saturday, October 19, 2002

LexiLine Journal #77-A - 2002 Nostratic Semitic Arabic Aramaic Baltic Germanic

Welcome!


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Nostratic is an important field of research which I discuss at
http://www.lexiline.com/ e.g at

I was surprised by the comment of a reader that Germanic languages
allegedly exhibited more cognates with Semitic than any other language family of
Indo-European. This was something new to me and I asked for the source of this information - which, however, was not forthcoming.

What the writer may have been referring to are the two type of Hebrews and
their somewhat separate languages, which are Sephardic Hebrew (Oriental-rite Jews) and Ashkenazi Hebrew (Germanic-rite Jews), with the latter being greatly influenced by the period of the German diaspora. But this has nothing to do with the actual origin of the original Hebrew language. Obviously, there was much interchange between Hebrews and the Germanic peoples in their period of sojourn there.

There are other substantial differences between the Sephardic and Ashkenazi Jews which are difficult to explain, see e.g.
http://www.lrainc.com/swtaboo/late/aptsda02.html

The assumption worldwide is that all Jews are the same, which is just not true, and the same problem applies to lumping the ancient Hebrew language into one "Semitic" pot, which is equally untrue.

Let me caution everyone about using the word "Semitic".
As one can see at my web pages at e.g.

http://www.lexiline.com/lexiline/lexi48.htm and
www.lexiline.com/lexiline/lexi15.htm,

August Ludwig von Schloezer only coined the term "Semitic" 200 years ago and it is much misused term, adopted by the clueless mainstream linguists. I try not use it myself because it presumes in the name Semitic the very thing which has not been proven, i.e. a common origin of Arabic and Hebrew, which is just not true.

Schloezer, a German, by the way, alleged that the language group he defined as "Semitic" - relying mostly on Hebrew - had a great number of similarities to Baltic, and I am not aware of such comparisons with Germanic, although of course, these too should exist, since all are related language families to the degree that the compared elements are Indo-European in origin.

Also, Schloezer unfortunately lumped together Arabic, Hebrew and Aramaic in their origins.

As noted under Semitic in the Wikipedia:

"The term Semite was proposed at first to refer to the languages related to Hebrew by Ludwig Schlözer, in Eichhorn's "Repertorium", vol. VIII (Leipzig, 1781), p. 161. Through Eichhorn the name then came into general usage (cf. his "Einleitung in das Alte Testament" (Leipzig, 1787), I, p. 45. In his "Gesch. der neuen Sprachenkunde", pt. I (Göttingen, 1807) it had already become a fixed technical term. (The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XIII)

The word "Semitic" is an adjective derived from Shem, one of the three sons of Noah in the Bible (Genesis 5.32, 6.10, 10.21), or more precisely from the Greek form of that name, namely Σημ (Sēm); the noun form referring to a person is Semite. The negative form of the adjective, anti-Semitic, is almost always used as a misnomer to mean "anti-Jewish" specifically.

The concept of a "Semitic" peoples is derived from Biblical accounts of the origins of the cultures known to the ancient Hebrews. Those closest to them in culture and language were generally deemed to be descended from their forefather Shem. Enemies were often said to be descendants of his cursed brother Ham.

In Genesis 10:21-31 Shem is described as the father of Aram, Asshur, and others: the Biblical ancestors of the Aramaeans, Assyrians, Babylonians, Chaldeans, Sabaeans, and Hebrews, etc., all of whose languages are closely related; the language family containing them was therefore named Semitic by linguists.

However, the
Canaanites and Amorites also spoke a language belonging to this family, and are therefore also termed Semitic in linguistics despite being described in Genesis as sons of Ham (See Sons of Noah).

Shem is also described in Genesis as the father of the Elamites and the descendants of Lud, whose languages were not Semitic. [emphasis added by LexiLine]

The hypothetical Proto-Semitic people, ancestral to the speakers of the historical Semitic languages in the Middle East are thought to have been originally from either the Arabian Peninsula (particularly around Yemen) or the Ethiopian Highlands, but its homeland is still much debated and uncertain."

The most ancient Hebrew in the ancient sources is referred to as "Temple Hebrew" [these are originally the hieroglyphs] - which the priests specifically claimed was "another" language than Aramaic - with the latter being a kauderwelsh (mixed bag) lingua franca (generally used language) at the time of Christ.

As one can read at http://www.lexiline.com/lexiline/lexi65.htm:

Daniel Sivan in his article on the Northwest Semitic Vocabules

[Sivan, Daniel, Grammatical analysis and glossary of the northwest Semitic vocables in Akkadian texts of the 15th-13th C.B.C. from Canaan and Syria, Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker; Neukirchener-Vluyn : Neukirchener Verlag, 1984, xiii, 306
p., Alter Orient und Altes Testament ; Bd. 214, Szstx. PJ4150 .S59, 1984]

has isolated language changes, which in my view, when reconstructed backward, clearly make the most ancient known forms of Hebrew look like Indo-European, which I am convinced the original Hebrew actually was, for this was the language of the Old Kingdom Pharaohs, as we find in the hieroglyphs. In the course of the millennia, this was mixed with the indigenous languages of the area - to result in what we today call "Hebrew". This mixture is ancient and goes back clear to the influx of the Sumerians in the Near East - in my opinion the original Hebrews - whose language over the millennia then got mixed with the native Arabic i.e. Afro-Asiatic (Hamito-Semitic) tongue.

To put it bluntly, modern reconstructed Hebrew is of course now a "Semitic" language according to Schloezer's limited definition and as used by mainstream linguists in their studies, but the original unadulterated Hebrew - being in my opinion the original hieroglyphs of Pharaonic Egypt and stretching back to the Old Kingdom - is NOT Semitic at all.

Rather, the true "Semitic" or "Hamito-Semitic" is Arabic, previously Aramaic, which based on blood group results - see http://www.lexiline.com/lexiline/lexi23.htm - is a language resulting from the mixture of the white Sumerian immigrants and the local Afro-Asiatic indigenous populations and languages in the region of the Mid-East - a development clearly retold in the Bible regarding Abraham and his Egyptian servant Hagar, a union which allegedly gave rise to Ishmael and the Arabic peoples.

Why is it that we disregard these clear ancient sources???

The blood group analysis above supports the Biblical tale exactly.

Anyone who persists on lumping Hebrew and Arabic into one linguistic pot is just wasting their time as far as man's true history is concerned. Hence, the use of the term Semitic is similarly a waste of time.

Thursday, October 17, 2002

LexiLine Journal #76 - 2002 : Aill Na Mireann Central Stone of Ireland

Welcome!

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In my haste to finish the Ireland uploads, I forgot one of the most important of all the megaliths - Aill na Mireann, also know as the Catstone - the central stone of Ireland, at which the borders of the four viz. five ancient Irish Kingdoms all met. Since West Meath represents Cassiopeia, which has five major stars (four on some
stones), perhaps each of these represented a Kingdom.

To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

aillnamireann.tif
ailnamireann.gif
County West Meath Aill na Mireann Catstone Central Stone Ireland
Cassiopeia Cepheus MAIN (side) VIEW

mireann.tif
mireann.gif
County West Meath Aill na Mireann Catstone Central Stone Ireland
Front View

catstone.tif
catstone.gif
County West Meath Aill na Mireann Catstone Central Stone Ireland
Back View

I managed to get three different angles of the stone in online photographs which was important to cover the constellations and counties.

The Catstone is quite gigantic - about 15 feet high AND wide and you should really look at the online photographs which I cite in my drawings of this stone.

This WAS the original Central stone of Ireland in ancient days, nothwithstanding the fame of the later Knowth and Newgrange. Sadly, the stone is almost unknown and seldom visited.

In terms of linguistic etymologies, Aill na Mireann means "stone of the division" in Gaelic and since Latvian MERIEN means "measure" we can presume Gaelic MIREANN and MERIEN are pretty close to the same origin since old Irish NU-MIR meant "number" and Latvian NUO-MER means "to measure out", i.e. "count" the length of something, which
gave rise to our modern word NUMBER, in German NUMMER. Latvian viz. proto-Indo-Europaen MER- and NUO-MER "measure" is the root.

The same root is found in Ancient Pharaonic Egyptian MERKHET "plumb line" used for astronomy and geodetics and I urge you all to look at http://www.scivis.com/AC/inst/plumb.html
to understand how it was used. MERKET in Latvian means to "aim (by measure)", i.e. a perfect description for the Pharaonic Merkhet.

UPDATE, October 18, 2002

Anne Beideler, a LexiLine member, comments:

">Andis, I am relatively new to this list, and I have been fascinated with
>your recent postings. I wonder if you have time to fill me in on the
>big picture? What do these obvious similarites between Latvian and
>Gaelic languages mean in terms of the people? I would love some more
>background.

>Anne

Here is my answer:

Dear Anne and LexiLiners,

Your question on background is worth a thousand Ph.D doctorates. For now, I can only give you leads, which you will have to take from there.

If you go to MacBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic
Language at
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/
and plug in Lithuanian or Lettic (Latvians in German are Letts, hence the historical term Lettic) as the "substring" to be searched, you will find many listed correspondences - and I can assure you, there are many, many more, some of which I have found in MacBain and which are not listed, e.g. Gaelic sgaiteach "chip cutting of wood", where no Baltic comparable is listed but where the word Latvian skaida, plural skaidas has the same meaning in Latvian as in Gaelic sgaiteach.

Where and when was there an ancient connection between Gaelic and Baltic?

It must be very, very old.

If you go to my website

http://www.dainas.com/

you will find there two links to articles by Raisa Denisova
(see http://vip.latnet.lv/hss/denisova.htm)
and Ilze Loze
(see http://vip.latnet.lv/hss/loze.htm)
about the Mesolithic period which will give you a VERY ancient background of some of the settlement patterns in ancient Europe. I also cite there to a book by Paul Dunbavin on the origin of the Picts, who he traces to the Baltic.

For a nice discussion of the origin of the Celts, which points in the direction of Central Europe, see http://www.accesscom.com/~wangbick/origins.html where it is written, inter alia, that

"Two new groups of people emerge in Central Europe during the late Neolithic (New Stone Age) period, one certainly immigrant. Each group may be distinguished archaeologically by characteristic artifacts found in their respective burial sites. One was a Bell Beaker or drinking vessel. We now refer to this group as the Beaker folk. There is still some doubt as to the origins of the Beaker folk, some say Iberia, and some say Central Europe itself. Never-the-less it is believed that they emerge as an independent cultural group around 3000 B.C.E.

The second group is characterized by a perforated battle-axe of stone. Similarly, we now refer to this group as the Battle-Axe folk. Evidence points towards origins in the steppe-lands of southern Russia, between the Caucasus and the Carpathian mountains. The Battle-Axe folk may be attributed with the initial spread of the Indo-European group of languages. (see diagram) The Indo-European group of languages encompasses most of those current in present-day
Europe. In Central Europe the Beaker folk and Battle-Axe folk fused to become one European people. Shortly thereafter began the Bronze Age in Europe. It is unclear whether the arrival of the two groups influenced the arrival of the Bronze Age or not. Many think that contact with the Mediterranean and beyond may have influenced this
."

Linguistically, according to the diagram referred to in the above citation, it means that some language group we today call Indo-European ultimately divided into Celtic, Germanic, Baltic, Slavonic, Italic, Illyrian, Armenian, Hellenic (Greek), Anatolian (Hittite), Tocharian and Indo-Iranian branches.

Presumably, these various language groups also represent various migrated populations or tribes, all having a common origin. I presume that this common origin is the reason for the similarity in vocabulary of such distant groups as the Gaelics and the Baltics.

Moreover, we can presume at the time of this migration, that they all had similar belief systems - which, of course, changed with time to suit their locality - and we can also presume, as the megaliths show us, that at the time of these migrations, the earth was actually surveyed and land alloted to the various groups.

I personally think that the tale of the "Ten Lost tribes of Israel" refers to the ten tribes of Europe, the other two tribes being Judah (not Judea!) and Israel. In modern times we all speak about Israel and have forgotten Judah (in my opinion, Giza and the Nile Delta), which in ancient days, was more important (see
http://www.Lexiline.com under the searchword "Judah").

The Indo-European linguistic groups of Celtic, Germanic, Baltic, Slavonic, Italic, Illyrian, Armenian, Hellenic (Greek), Anatolian (Hittite), Tocharian and Indo-Iranian add up to eleven, but I think the Tocharians are a subset of one of the other groups. So those may be your 10 lost tribes.

At some pages of Case Western Reserve University, you will find Charles Squire's
The Mythology of Ancient Britain and Ireland which also provides information especially relevant to our megalithic studies and my allegation that Merlin is much, much older than the mainstreamers currently guess....

http://www.cwru.edu/edocs/7/494.pdf - title page
http://www.cwru.edu/edocs/7/495.pdf (chapter I) and
http://www.cwru.edu/edocs/7/496.pdf (chapter V)
http://www.cwru.edu/edocs/7/497.pdf (chronology)

and you will find more of the following material, e.g.

C H A P T E R V : THE MYTHICAL HISTORY OF BRITAIN

"WHEN Britain first, at Heaven's command, arose from out the azure main," her name was Clas
Myrddin, that is, the Place, or Enclosure, of Merlin. In later days, she became known as "the Honey Isle of Beli," and it was not until safely occupied by mankind that she took her present designation, from Prydain, son of Aedd the Great, who first established settled government.
All this is told us by a Welsh Triad, and it is from such fragmentary sources that we glean
the mythical history of our island. With these relics we must make what we can ; for the work has not been done for us in the way that it was done by the mediaeval monkish annalists for Ireland. We find our data scattered through old bardic poems and romances, and in pseudo-hagiologies and hardly less apocryphal histories. Yet, without perhaps using more freedom
with our materials than an early writer would have done, we can piece them together, and find in them roughly the same story as that of Ireland-the subjugation of the land by friendly
gods for the subsequent use of men.
...
[Note: Beli and the many place names Bally- in my opinion equal the Pole of
Heaven, and the ancient worshipeers of "Baal" - Andis]

Beli seems to have been sometimes associated in Welsh legend with the sea, which was called the "drink of Beli," and its waves "Beli's cattle." ..."

And in my own library, I have the book "Myths and Legends of the British Isles" by Richard Barber, Boydell Press, ISBN 0 85115 748 3, which has chapters such as "The Origins of the Scottish Nation" and "The Book of the Taking of Ireland" and "The Descent of the Anglo-Saxon Kings from Woden" which should be read for background.

Anne, there is a lot to be done. Maybe you will be one of the future researchers to do it."

UPDATE October 19, 2002 from Girts Zadins

"Andis, I just read you reply to Anne. Brilliant. If I had the time, I would do the research, as I have often wondered if the Celts and Balts ever met, traded, fought, or inter mixed in ancient times.Thanks for the read and the links. Keep the information coming, Thanks, Girts"

Monday, October 14, 2002

LexiLine Journal #75 - 2002 : Sun Honey Scotland Recumbent Stone is Cepheus

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Britain
I have uploaded

sunhoney2.gif
and sun honey2.tif

In the course of deciphering the megaliths of Ancient Ireland I found a photograph of the Sun Honey Recumbent Stone of Scotland in Aubrey Burl, A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany.

This photograph is one example of why I am so certain that my decipherments are correct. When new facts turn up, such as this recumbent megalith of Sun Honey in Scotland, which I have long ago identified with Cepheus previous to seeing the actual stone, an analysis of the photograph now conforms to the decipherment exactly.

There is no doubt that the decipherment is correct.

The recumbent stone of Sun Honey, uploaded to the ANCIENT BRITAIN (not Ireland) file folder at http://groups.yahoo.com/group/LexiLine/files
as

sunhoney2.gif
and sun honey2.tif

is not only in the shape of Cepheus on the Milky Way - which in itself is incredible, but it also has cupmarks which mark the stars of Cepheus, not as we mark them today, but including more or less the stars of Cepheus which are still in the projection of the Milky Way which Cepheus represents. It is tremendous!

And now I shall take a few weeks break from deciphering and be putting all this up on my web sites.

LexiLine Journal #74 - 2002 : Map of Ancient Ireland Megalithic Decipherment Updated

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

ireland.gif and
ireland.tif

as a new updated Decipherment Map of the megaliths and megalithic sites
of Ancient Ireland.

LexiLine Journal #73 - 2002 : Killadeas County Fermanagh Ireland Hercules

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

killadeas.gif
and killadeas.tif

Killadeas in County Fermanagh, Ireland represents Hercules in the astronomical geodetic system and I have uploaded several graphics:

killadeas.gif
and killadeas.tif

This fantastic megalith has carvings on it showing the constellation Hercules as a powerful bear with a comb of honey in its paws, with many other figures, including a deer, a bear cub, a cat (lynx?) of some kind carrying her kitten, and more.

Linguistically, in KIL-LADEAS, LADEAS is like Latvian LACIS "bear".

Also uploaded are

killadeas2.gif
and killadeas2.tif

showing just two large heads which are also on the megalith but which disappear in the drawing if details are included. Look carefully at my drawing here and then at the cited photos online and you will see these heads, especially the right one, easily, if you look at the stone long enough - it is a bit like those magic eye drawings which were popular some years ago - you have to stare at it a while to see the hidden picture. It is a masterpiece of art, dating to at least 3000 BC.

There is also a killadeas3.gif and killadeas3.tif which I have not and can not upload to our files because it contains a picture hidden in the stone which is of a controversial nature - nor will I send to anyone, even if asked. You yourself will have to look at the right side of the photographs of this megalith online (at the URL referred to in the normal killadeas drawing) and I recommend you use a graphic program such as Paint Shop Pro to enlarge the picture and try to draw what you see along the most prominent lines visible. If you see nothing special on the right side, fine. If you find something Herculean, then you probably see what I see.

This is definitely a stone with the signature of Merlin (Morias, Aesculapius) on it, since stones with similar subject matter also exist in Scotland, England and Wales, e.g. as I have discovered, Arthur's Stone Maen Ceti, which contains Arthur's fabled Sword, and which can not be pulled out of that stone, I assure you.

And with this fabulous and unexpected megalith, learning what gave Hercules his name, and why he was represented as Kaiechos on the Pharaonic hieroglyphs, that ends the decipherment of the megaliths of Ancient Ireland - except for the next .gif and .tif which are updates of the Ancient Ireland Decipherment map.

For the megaliths of Ancient Ireland, you the members of LexiLine now know and other 6 billion out there do not know... yet.

Update October 15, 2002

Jacque Driskell, a LexiLine member, has the following comment:

"Regarding: "Hercules as a powerful bear with a comb of honey in its paws, with many other figures, including a deer, a bear cub, a cat (lynx?) of some kind carrying her kitten, and more."The honey comb, and cat sound like SAMSON. Which I personally believe predates Hercules as ancient stories go. The feats of SAMSON are in riddle form and his name is related to the gate of the Sun, as are his feats. I read this interpretation in a philosophy book many years ago, and have studied the text to affirm it's truth. One of his feats involved lighting the tails of a nest of foxes, could this be the cat form? With regards, Jacque D."

LexiLine Journal #72 - 2002 : Creevykeel County Sligo Ireland Virgo Boötes

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

creevykeel1.gif and
creevykeel1.tif (that is a 1 at the end not an L)

Creevykeel in Sligo, Ireland represents Virgo in the geodetic system and it is regarded by almost all who go there to be a splendid and breathtaking sight for the primeval majesty of this so-called "court tomb" which should more correctly be called a "court circle".

The uploaded creevykeel.gif
and creevykeel.tif

show the entire court circle with my decipherments of the largest stones, although many of the small stones clearly also have figures drawn on them - and, originally - represented stars. Remember, the ancients did everything by intent - there were no superfluous stones.

Creevkeel has one of the finest megaliths in all of Ireland, as I have deciphered it, representing Boötes. Harvard did research on this site some time ago and were of the opinion it is one of the oldest sites in Ireland, yet the megalithic figure of Boötes is so breathtakingly modern as to almost broadcast the coming of modern man and woman - and in this case, it is a woman, in regal dress, with a fur of Draco tossed over her shoulder.

Make sure you look at the detailed .gif of this magnificent megalith at the uploaded

creevykeel1.gif and
creevykeel1.tif (that is a 1 at the end not an L)

and then look at the photos online which are referred to in my
drawings. It is a site you will never forget - for you will never
look at Neolithic mankind the same again.

LexiLine Journal #71 - 2002 : Knockeen County Waterford Ireland Eridanus

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

knockeen.gif and
knockeen.tif

The site Knockeen in County Waterford, Ireland is a popular site for tourists because it has two capstones one on top of the other, although no one knows why. If it were a tomb - as the mainstreamers allege, which of course is nonsense - it would not need two piggy-back capstones.

The fact is that Knockeen represents Eridanus, a constellation traditionally and even today represented at two somewhat offset levels in the sky, and that is exactly what the capstones do, representing Eridanus.

There are also separate stones for Columba, Caelum, and Horologium and one of the stones of Horologium has LMC, the Large Magellanic Cloud marked on it as well.

LexiLine Journal #70 - 2002 : Skregg County Roscommon Ireland Ursa Major

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

skregg.gif and
skregg.tif

The site Skregg in County Roscommon, Ireland has a capstone in the
shape of Ursa Major and markings indicate it is Ursa Major, though
the stone is very weatherworn. The major clue was two eyes on the
animal on the front but also two apparent cupmarks below it, forming
a square face as it were for the cup-part of the Big Dipper.

LexiLine Journal #69 - 2002 : Timoney County Tipperary Ireland Orion

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

timoney.gif and
timoney.tif

The site Timoney in County Tipperary, Ireland has many more stones than these three, but these three appear to represent Orion's Belt of stars.

The largest of the megaliths has markings and figures on it indicating that it they are the stars of Orion.

LexiLine Journal #68 - 2002 : Holestone Crag County Antrim Ireland Sagittarius

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

holestone.gif and
holestone.tif

representing County Antrim in Ireland as Sagittarius.

What is remarkable about the Holestone is that it sits on a big crag of earth and rock far larger than the megalith itself and the rock of the crag below the megalith has also been carved, though apparently not discovered by anyone yet other than myself. Most observers pay too much attention to one specific obvious feature at a site and do not do a thorough view of everything. The crag not only pictures Sagittarius, but also the boat of Capricorn, Sagitta, Aquila and perhaps Scorpio to the far right, but I do not have enough material on the photo to be sure.

We underestimate the thoroughness of the ancients. They left nothing to chance and most sites are carved and designed to a much greater extent than we realize. Apparently, EVERYTHING was seen by Neolithic Man to have a significance. The ancients had time and were not in a hurry.

You will appreciate the sites more in knowing that every stone used was specially selected for its purpose. Our ancestors were a creative people - just as we are today.

LexiLine Journal #67 - 2002 : Punchestown County Kildare Ireland Perseus

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

punchestown.gif and
punchestown.tif

representing County Kildare in Ireland as Perseus.

There are two Punchestown sites in Kildare and the one is obviously a much older megalith than the other. Their positions were surely moved due to precession and a new astronomical measurement made some thousands of years later as we find e.g. for similarly large stones at Blieskastel's Gollen Stone (Gollenstein) and St. Ingbert in
Germany, though these represent Hydra.

LexiLine Journal #66 - 2002 : Ballyvatheen County Kilkenny Ireland Taurus

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

ballyvatheen.gif and
ballyvatheen.tif

representing County Kilkenny in Ireland as Taurus.

Not only are the stars marked on the stone but as many observers have remarked, the stone defies gravity, standing on its slender tapered end with the wide end upward,
thus of course representing the horn-shape of Taurus.

LexiLine Journal #65 - 2002 : Ballyboher County Wexford Ireland Cetus

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

ballyboher.gif and
ballyboher.tif

representing County Wexford in Ireland as Cetus.
The top is clearly Menkar as fins and the the head of the stone at the bottom appears to be a seal.

LexiLine Journal #64 - 2002 : Tireighter County Derry Ireland Sagittarius

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

tireighter.gif and
tireighter.tif

representing County Derry in Ireland as Sagittarius.

LexiLine Journal #63 - 2002 : Journal is Reserved.

Welcome!

.


Journal 63 is reserved.

LexiLine Journal #62 - 2002 : Lisbunny County Tipperary Ireland Orion

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

lisbunny.gif and
lisbunny.tif

representing County Tipperary in Ireland as Orion, but also showing the form and stars of Taurus at the top.

LexiLine Journal #61 - 2002 : Liagans Kilmihil County Clare Ireland Cancer

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

liagans.gif and
liagans.tif

representing County Clare in Ireland as Cancer. The right stone shows Cancer, the left Leo and Hydra.

Note that Kilmihil as a word is equivalent to Kilmichael and that the megalithic site of Kilmichael in Scotland has the same astronomical position.

LexiLine Journal #60 - 2002 : Coumaraglin County Waterford Ireland Caelum Eridanus

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

coumaraglin.gif and
coumaraglin.tif

representing County Waterford as Caelum and Eridanus.

The stars at the point of Eridanus near Caelum are paired and so it is also at this megalithic site.

LexiLine Journal #59 - 2002 : Ballynacgloghy County Galway Ireland Hydra Leo

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

ballynacloghy.gif and
ballynacloghy.tif

representing County Galway as Hydra and Leo.

This site is remarkable in that other observers think the capstone has fallen, but if you view the site carefully, you will see this is impossible, since the right flanking stone is so large that the capstone would have been at an impossibly high angle.

In fact, the megalith makers intended the site to look exactly as it does, with the angled capstone representing the break in Hydra at Alphard, and Leo, as a separate megalith, peering correctly from the background through that break.

LexiLine Journal #58 - 2002 : Drumnart County Monaghan Ireland Cygnus

Welcome!

.


To our file folder on Ancient Ireland
I have uploaded

drumnart.gif and
drumnart.tif

representing County Monaghan as Cygnus.

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